causes and consequences of stress in organizational pdf

Causes and consequences of stress in organizational pdf

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Workplace Stress : A Critical Insight of Causes , Effects and Interventions

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH AND MARKETING

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Skip to main content. Home Work. Work-related stress. Actions for this page Listen Print. Summary Read the full fact sheet. On this page. Symptoms of work-related stress What are the main work-related stressors? Causes of work-related stress Self-help for the individual Benefits of preventing stress in the workplace Work-related stress is a management issue Where to get help. Work-related stress is a growing problem around the world that affects not only the health and well-being of employees, but also the productivity of organisations.

Work-related stress can be caused by various events. For example, a person might feel under pressure if the demands of their job such as hours or responsibilities are greater than they can comfortably manage. Other sources of work-related stress include conflict with co-workers or bosses, constant change, and threats to job security, such as potential redundancy. According to the National Health and Safety Commission, work-related stress accounts for the longest stretches of absenteeism.

What one person may perceive as stressful, however, another may view as challenging. Symptoms of work-related stress The signs or symptoms of work-related stress can be physical, psychological and behavioural. Physical symptoms include: Fatigue Muscular tension Headaches Heart palpitations Sleeping difficulties, such as insomnia Gastrointestinal upsets, such as diarrhoea or constipation Dermatological disorders. Psychological symptoms include: Depression Anxiety Discouragement Irritability Pessimism Feelings of being overwhelmed and unable to cope Cognitive difficulties, such as a reduced ability to concentrate or make decisions.

Behavioural symptoms include: An increase in sick days or absenteeism Aggression Diminished creativity and initiative A drop in work performance Problems with interpersonal relationships Mood swings and irritability Lower tolerance of frustration and impatience Disinterest Isolation.

What are the main work-related stressors? All the following issues have been identified as potential stressors at workplaces.

A risk management approach will identify which ones exist in your own workplace and what causes them. They include: Organisation culture Bad management practices Job content and demands Physical work environment Relationships at work Change management Lack of support Role conflict Trauma.

Causes of work-related stress Some of the factors that commonly cause work-related stress include: Long hours Heavy workload Changes within the organisation Tight deadlines Changes to duties Job insecurity Lack of autonomy Boring work Insufficient skills for the job Over-supervision Inadequate working environment Lack of proper resources Lack of equipment Few promotional opportunities Harassment Discrimination Poor relationships with colleagues or bosses Crisis incidents, such as an armed hold-up or workplace death.

Self-help for the individual A person suffering from work-related stress can help themselves in a number of ways, including: Think about the changes you need to make at work in order to reduce your stress levels and then take action. Some changes you can manage yourself, while others will need the cooperation of others.

Talk over your concerns with your employer or human resources manager. Make sure you are well organised. List your tasks in order of priority. Schedule the most difficult tasks of each day for times when you are fresh, such as first thing in the morning. Take care of yourself. Eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Consider the benefits of regular relaxation.

You could try meditation or yoga. Make sure you have enough free time to yourself every week. Instead, tell them about your work problems and ask for their support and suggestions.

Avoid excessive drinking and smoking. Seek professional counselling from a psychologist. If work-related stress continues to be a problem, despite your efforts, you may need to consider another job or a career change. Seek advice from a career counsellor or psychologist. Benefits of preventing stress in the workplace Reduced symptoms of poor mental and physical health Fewer injuries, less illness and lost time Reduced sick leave usage, absences and staff turnover Increased productivity Greater job satisfaction Increased work engagement Reduced costs to the employer Improved employee health and community wellbeing.

Work-related stress is a management issue It is important for employers to recognise work-related stress as a significant health and safety issue. A company can and should take steps to ensure that employees are not subjected to unnecessary stress, including: Ensure a safe working environment.

Make sure that everyone is properly trained for their job. De-stigmatise work-related stress by openly recognising it as a genuine problem. Discuss issues and grievances with employees, and take appropriate action when possible.

Devise a stress management policy in consultation with the employees. Encourage an environment where employees have more say over their duties, promotional prospects and safety. Organise to have a human resources manager.

Cut down on the need for overtime by reorganising duties or employing extra staff. Take into account the personal lives of employees and recognise that the demands of home will sometimes clash with the demands of work. Seek advice from health professionals, if necessary.

National Safety Council of Australia, Stress: What causes it, how to manage it and how to reduce it in the workforce. National Safety Council of Australia. More information here. Victorian Workcover Authority, , Stresswise — Preventing work-related stress: A guide for employers in the public sector 2nd ed. State Government of Victoria, Australia.

Give feedback about this page. Was this page helpful? Yes No. View all work. Related information. Stresswise - Preventing work-related stress: A guide for employers in the public sector. Content disclaimer Content on this website is provided for information purposes only.

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Workplace Stress : A Critical Insight of Causes , Effects and Interventions

Stress is defined in terms of its physical and physiological effects on a person, and can be a mental, physical, or emotional strain. Stress : A black and white photo of a woman that captures her high level of stress. Stress is defined in terms of how it impacts physical and psychological health; it includes mental, physical, and emotional strain. Stress occurs in the workplace when an employee perceives a situation to be too strenuous to handle, and therefore threatening to his or her well-being. While it is generally agreed that stress occurs at work, views differ on the importance of worker characteristics versus working conditions as its primary cause.

Stress is a big problem for employees and organizations. High levels of work stress also lead to increased absenteeism and turnover, chronic burnout, or other negative long term health conditions, with serious costs to organizations and society, ranging between. Understanding what they are is the first step to avoiding them or designing work practices to reduce their influence. But first, occupational health psychologists differentiate between the causes of stress- called stressors, and the various forms of stress that result, often called strains. Because work place stressors are so varied, it can only follow suit that the resulting forms of stress are also varied. These stress-reactions can be categorized as strains, including anxiety, exhaustion, burnout, and depression, but also include physiological responses, emotional reactions like mood changes, and behavioral responses. Suffice to say, stress is a big problem for employees and organizations and it is a complex issue where stress triggers vary considerable, along with the ways people respond to them.

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS RESEARCH AND MARKETING

This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by:. Services include parent education to maternal and child healthcare, child care, crisis support, child protection, family violence and relationship services. When returning to a flood-affected area, remember that wild animals, including rats, mice, snakes or spiders, may be trapped in your home, shed or garden.

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Consequences of Stress: 3 Categories

This article will throw light on the three important categories involved in consequences of stress, i.

2 comments

  • Eric T. 24.04.2021 at 10:15

    The findings of the study indicated the factors causing occupational stress specifically, Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity and Long Working Hours were indicated as the areas highly reduced the Individual Commitment followed by the factors namely Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity, Long Working Hours, Lack of Supervisory.

    Reply
  • Berkflounapun 27.04.2021 at 05:27

    Stress is normal.

    Reply

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