difference between ac and dc generator pdf

Difference between ac and dc generator pdf

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Published: 23.04.2021

Waveforms of AC Current

Difference between AC and DC Generator

What is an Electrical Generator

Waveforms of AC Current

Electric motors play an essential role in almost every industry. Using the right type of motor with high-quality parts and regular servicing keeps your facility running smoothly and prevents damage to the endpoint equipment due to wear or power surges. Gainesville Industrial Electric can help your company select the right industrial electric motors and parts for your applications. Electric motors are machines that convert electrical energy—from either stored power or a direct electrical connection—into mechanical energy through the production of rotational force. The two major types of electric motors are:. Both AC and DC motors use electrical current to produce rotating magnetic fields that, in turn, generate rotational mechanical force in the armature—located on the rotor or stator—around the shaft.

Electrical Academia. The AC generator generates an output voltage which alters in amplitude as well as time whereas the DC generator generates a constant output voltage which does not change in amplitude as well as time. The electrical energy we utilize has two fundamental types, one is known as Alternating while the other one is Direct. The electric power in homes has alternating current and voltages, but in an automobile currents and voltages are constant. Both types have their own particular uses whereas the technique of producing the both is same, which is called electromagnetic induction. The machines which produce an electric power are called generators, and AC and DC generators are different from each other by the method they apply to pass the produced current to the external circuit. Characteristics AC Generator DC Generator Output Power Generates AC electric power Produces DC electric power Rings it has slip-rings it uses a split-ring commutator Current induction Output current can be induced either in the rotor or in the stator Output current is induced in the rotor ONLY Brushes Slip-rings have smooth and uninterrupted surfaces, which allow the brushes to remain in contact uninterruptedly with the slip ring surfaces.

Difference between AC and DC Generator

Most of the examples dealt with so far, and particularly those utilizing batteries, have constant voltage sources. Once the current is established, it is thus also a constant. Direct current DC is the flow of electric charge in only one direction. It is the steady state of a constant-voltage circuit. Most well-known applications, however, use a time-varying voltage source. Alternating current AC is the flow of electric charge that periodically reverses direction.

The AC current changes its polarity and magnitude periodically and continuously with respect to time. The Ac current can be produced with a device named alternator that produces the alternating current. Suppose a piston is inserted inside a pipe and connected with a rotating rod as in the pin pic below. Here the piston has two strokes one towards upward and the other towards backward on the upward stroke, the water moves in a clockwise direction and the backward direction the water displaces in an anticlockwise direction so in this way water direction changes its direction periodically with oscillation of the piston. Every Ac Waveforms have a divider line or called the zero voltage line that divides the waveform two halves as the Ac current changes the magnitude and direction periodically so on every one complete cycle it reaches zero volts. The total amount of time taken by a waveform to repeat itself or to repeat its one cycle is called time period. You can also say the total amount of time taken by wave form to complete its one complete cycle is called time period.

The major difference between the alternator and the generator is that in alternator the armature is stationary and the field system rotates whereas in the generator armature rotates and field is stationary. The armature of the alternator is mounted on the stationary element called stator and field winding on a rotating element. While the connection of a generator is just the reverse of it. The other differences between them are shown below in the comparison chart. The alternator and generator both works on the principle of Faraday law of electromagnetic induction.

What is an Electrical Generator

The rotating machines function on the same principle of electromagnetic induction those are the motor and the generator. Even though the principle is the same their the output they deliver differs due to the operational difference. This difference in operation is important for the machines to be classified as either a motor or a generator. Similarly, the individual machines can also be classified as ac or dc typed depending on the input and output they deliver. So, let us discuss in detail about this topic.

The major difference between the AC and DC voltage is that in AC voltage the polarity of the wave changes with the time whereas the polarity of the DC voltage always remains same. The other differences between the AC and DC voltage are shown below in the comparison chart. The voltage which causes the alternating current is known as the AC voltage.


  • GeneviГЁve P. 24.04.2021 at 00:41

    DC generators produce a low voltage when compared to AC generator which is constant in amplitude and time i.e. output frequency is zero. Maintenance. AC​.


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