File Name: engineering material and their properties .zip
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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Flinn and Paul K. Flinn , Paul K. Trojan Published Materials Science.
A material is a substance or mixture of substances that constitutes an object. Materials can be pure or impure, living or non-living matter. Materials can be classified based on their physical and chemical properties , or on their geological origin or biological function. Materials science is the study of materials and their applications. Raw materials can be processed in different ways to influence their properties, by purification, shaping or the introduction of other materials. New materials can be produced from raw materials by synthesis. In industry , materials are inputs to manufacturing processes to produce products or more complex materials.
The interdisciplinary field of materials science , also commonly termed materials science and engineering , covers the design and discovery of new materials, particularly solids. The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment , when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry , physics , and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools for its study. Materials scientists emphasize understanding, how the history of a material processing influences its structure, and thus the material's properties and performance.
The engineering materials are mainly classified as: 1. Metals and their alloys, such as iron, steel, copper, aluminium, etc. 2. Non-metals.
This book covers the construction materials content for undergraduate courses in Civil Engineering and related subjects, and will also be a valuable reference for professionals working in the construction industry. The topics are relevant to all the different stages of a course, starting with basic properties of materials and leading to more complex areas, such as the theory of concrete durability, and corrosion of steel. The first 16 chapters cover the basic properties of materials, and how they are measured.