difference between a state and a nation pdf

Difference between a state and a nation pdf

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John Breuilly

What is the Difference Between a State and a Nation?

State, Nation and Nation-State: Clarifying Misused Terminology

Differences Between a Country, State, and Nation

A nation state is a state in which a great majority shares the same culture and is conscious of it.

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John Breuilly

While the terms country, state, sovereign state, nation, and nation-state are often used interchangeably, there is a difference. Simply put:. The word country can be used to mean the same thing as state, sovereign state, or nation-state. It can also be used in a less political manner to refer to a region or cultural area that has no governmental status. Examples include Wine Country the grape-growing area of northern California and Coal Country the coal-mining region of Pennsylvania.

State, nation, and country are all terms that describe groups of people who live in the same place and have a great deal in common. But while states and sovereign states are political entities, nations and countries might or might not be. A sovereign state sometimes called an independent state has the following qualities:.

Many geographic entities have some but not all the qualities that make up a sovereign state. Two other entities, Taiwan and Kosovo, are recognized by some but not all members of the United Nations. Many entities have geographical and cultural significance and many of the qualities of a sovereign state but are not independent sovereign states.

These include territories, non-sovereign states, and nations. Territories of sovereign states are not sovereign states in their own right. Many entities have most of the most qualities of sovereign states but are officially considered to be non-sovereign. Many have their own histories, and some even have their own languages. Examples include:. The word state is also used to refer to geographic sections of sovereign states that have their own governments but are subject to a larger federal government.

The 50 United States are non-sovereign states. Some nations are sovereign states, but many are not. Nations that hold territory but are not sovereign states include:. In addition to nations that are non-sovereign states, it can be argued that some nations govern no territory at all. For example, the Sindhi, Yoruba, Rohingya, and Igbo people share histories, cultures, and languages but have no territory.

Some states have two nations, such as Canada and Belgium. When a nation of people has a sovereign state of its own, it is called a nation-state. Populations living in nation-states share history, language, ethnicity, and culture. Iceland and Japan are excellent examples of nation-states: The vast majority of people born in these nation-states share the same ancestry and culture. Department of State, 27 Mar. Share Flipboard Email. Matt Rosenberg. Geography Expert. Updated January 27, View Article Sources.

Cite this Article Format. Rosenberg, Matt. Differences Between a Country, State, and Nation. What Is Colonialism? Definition and Examples. What Is Democracy? What Is a Constitutional Monarchy? What the President of the United States Does. What Is Federalism? Cherokee Nation v. Georgia: The Case and Its Impact. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our.

What is the Difference Between a State and a Nation?

The Eastern type of nationalism applies to Central and Eastern Europe and Asia, where the frontiers of the existing states and ethnic communities rarely coincided. On the contrary, in the case of Eastern nationalism, there was no developed significant middle class, therefore a few intellectuals took a role of the major actors in nationalist movements. It can only exist within the context of a territorial state; it is the bond formed through the enterprise of statehood. The ethnic nationalism defines nationhood in terms of lineage. The attributes that members of an ethnically defined national grouping share include physical characteristics, culture, language, religion, and common ancestry. Though ethnolinguistic sentiments have been re-emphasized in the West, territorially defined statehood became an alternative criterion for national identity in the East. Meanwhile the topic of relations between the nation and the state has had a further development.

Max Weber published a good deal as a German nationalist. He wrote about nation and state as a social scientist. Much of his political writing promoted German interests at home and abroad. As a scientist he wrote about ethnic community, national community, and state though rather less about nationalism and nation-state. The present chapter argues that there are problems in relating these political and scientific writings to each other and that his theorizing of the concept of nation is inadequate by his own standards. However, his basic sociological concepts suggest better ways of understanding nation and nationalism, and the chapter will sketch out such an approach.

Politics Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for people interested in governments, policies, and political processes. It only takes a minute to sign up. Additionally, why is it that a "state" appears to be just an entity of a federal government in certain contexts - e. State : "A state is an organized community living under a unified political system, the government" Wiki definition. This is basically just a community usually in a specified territory that was ruled by a specific government.


supra-nationalism, ending with a defence of nations and nationalism. Questions. 1. Why is it important to distinguish between the national state.


State, Nation and Nation-State: Clarifying Misused Terminology

When the word state is mentioned, many people will relate it to a nation, or even consider the two words as synonyms. Although many people think they are the same, the words nation and state are entirely different from one another. A state is comprised of four elements: government, territory, population, and sovereignty. If one element is absent, it disqualifies the area from being called a state. However, a nation can be defined as a population who shares a similar culture and ideals.

Differences Between a Country, State, and Nation

There is a difference between the terms nation, state, and country, even though the words are often used interchangeably. Country and State are synonymous terms that both apply to self-governing political entities. A nation, however, is a group of people who share the same culture but do not have sovereignty. When the?

In common usage, the terms State and Nation are often used as synonyms. Each modern state is a Nation State; nevertheless there exist some important distinctions between the State and the Nation. The State has four elements—population, territory, government, and sovereignty. In the absence of even one element, a State cannot be really a State. A state is always characterised by all these four elements.

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