congestive heart failure signs and symptoms pdf

Congestive heart failure signs and symptoms pdf

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Heart failure

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Key points

More recent articles on heart failure and cardiomyopathy are available. Heart failure is a common clinical syndrome characterized by dyspnea, fatigue, and signs of volume overload, which may include peripheral edema and pulmonary rales. Heart failure has high morbidity and mortality rates, especially in older persons.

By themselves, any one sign of heart failure may not be cause for alarm. But if you have more than one of these symptoms, even if you haven't been diagnosed with any heart problems, report them to a healthcare professional and ask for an evaluation of your heart. Congestive heart failure is a type of heart failure which requires seeking timely medical attention, although sometimes the two terms are used interchangeably.

Heart failure

Heart failure HF is a condition that develops after the heart becomes damaged or weakened. HF occurs when the pumping action of your heart is not strong enough to move blood around, especially during increased activity or under stress. In addition, the heart muscle may not relax properly to accommodate the flow of blood back from the lungs to the heart. These abnormalities in heart function can cause fluid to back up in your lungs and in other parts of your body such as your ankles. The congestion in your lungs and lack of oxygen may make you feel tired and short of breath.

Despite its name, congestive heart failure does not necessarily mean that the heart has stopped working. However, heart failure is a serious condition in which the heart does not pump blood around the body efficiently. The body relies on the pumping action of the heart to deliver nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood to each of its cells. When the cells do not receive adequate nourishment, the body cannot function properly. If the heart becomes weakened and cannot supply the cells with sufficient blood, the person will be tired and breathless. Everyday activities that used to be easy can become challenging. Heart failure is a serious condition, and there is usually no cure.

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. Heart failure does not mean that your heart has stopped or is about to stop working. It means that your heart is not able to pump blood the way it should. It can affect one or both sides of the heart. Common causes of heart failure are coronary artery disease , high blood pressure and diabetes.

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This definition, proposed by the Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute and Chronic Heart Failure of the European Society of Cardiology, lays a particular emphasis on the presence of signs and symptoms that are important in making the diagnosis of heart failure at bedside. No clinical symptom or sign is specific to this syndrome, and obtaining a meticulous history and performing a thorough physical examination is therefore of paramount importance. Patients with heart failure present with one of three common clinical profiles. The first and the most common presentation is with volume overload that manifests as pulmonary or systemic congestion. In the second group, evidence of hypotension and compromised end-organ perfusion, a consequence of low cardiac output, are the main features. The third group has features of both volume overload and systemic hypoperfusion. A proper history taking should not only include a careful assessment of the symptoms but also attempt to identify the etiology and common precipitating factors of heart failure Table I and Table II.


Heart Failure Warning Signs and Symptoms Congestive heart failure is a type of heart failure which requires seeking timely medical attention.


Key points

Heart failure HF , also known as congestive heart failure CHF , congestive cardiac failure CCF , and decompensatio cordis , is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body tissues' needs for metabolism. Common causes of heart failure include coronary artery disease , including a previous myocardial infarction heart attack , high blood pressure , atrial fibrillation , valvular heart disease , excess alcohol use , infection , and cardiomyopathy of an unknown cause. Treatment depends on the severity and cause of the disease.

Congestive heart failure

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2 comments

  • Craig E. 28.04.2021 at 01:54

    Congestive heart failure CHF is a chronic progressive condition that affects the pumping power of your heart muscle.

    Reply
  • Geraldo R. 06.05.2021 at 03:36

    The causes of heart failure in children are often very different than in adults.

    Reply

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