File Name: gary snyder riprap and cold mountain poems .zip
Used with permission. The grasses are working in the sun. Turn it green. Turn it sweet.
No one knows who he was, when he lived and died, or whether he actually existed. In Japanese and Chinese paintings, Hanshan is often depicted together with Shide or with Fenggan , another monk with legendary attributes. Little is known of his work, since he was a recluse living in a remote region and his poems were written on rocks in the mountains he called home.
Of the poems he is thought to have written at some point before his death, were collected and have survived. Lu-chiu Yin represents himself as a high official and prefixes his name with a very imposing title. But there is only one mention of anyone by this name to be found in other works of the period, and it refers almost certainly to another person.
This fact alone is peculiar enough, if Lu-chiu Yin was in fact as high up in the bureaucracy as his title indicates. Furthermore, the style of the preface, awkward and wordy, hardly suggests the writing of an eminent official. All other sources that tell us anything about Han-shan and Shih-te appear to be later than the preface and based upon it. For all we know, therefore, the whole picture of the two recluses built up in the preface may be nothing more than literary fiction.
The poems, however, remain — over three hundred of them If the reader wishes to know the biography of Han-shan, he must deduce it from the poems themselves. Pulleyblank asserts in his study Linguistic Evidence for the Date of Hanshan. The Encyclopedia of China gives his date as around and after Jia Jinhua came to the conclusion, after a study of Chan phrases in some 50 of the poems, that this particular group of poems may be attributable to the Chan monk Caoshan Benji — There are four full English translations, by Robert G.
In Paul Rozer's translation of poem , Han-shan appears to say that after leaving home and traveling he arrived at Tiantai Mountain at age 30, and that he was trained in the Confucian classics: . The first, Han-shan, a man retired to the monastery, was, Fenggan said, an incarnation of Manjushri ; the second, Shide, a man who "looked like a demented beggar coming and going, worked as an errand-boy at the stoves in the kitchen", was an incarnation of Samantabhadra.
The administrator reported that "seventy li approximately 35 km to the west of the town of T'ang-hsing, there was a cliff where a poor scholar lived. This scholar was said to be seen going to the Kuo-ch'ing Monastery. The monks there told him that Fenggan lived behind the library, but now it was haunted by a tiger who often accompanied him. He relays descriptions of the poet given by elders from Guoqing Temple who said that Hanshan was "a poor and eccentric hermit" who "often went to the Kuo-ch'ing Monastery in order to take home the left-overs of the meal, which he carried in a bamboo tube given to him by Shih-te, a monk working in the dining-hall.
When he was taken to task or driven away by some of the monks armed with sticks, he would afterwards stand still and laugh, clapping his hands, and then disappear. He wore a cap make of birch bark, a simple fur garment, torn and threadbare, and wooden sandals for shoes.
At sight of this, the two laughed and said, "Feng-kan has a long tongue. You did not recognize Maitreya at sight, why are you making obeisance to us now? When Hanshan saw these delivery men, it is said, he cried "Thieves! Han-shan and Shide were never seen again at Guoqing temple. Han-shan had written on rocks, bamboo bark, trees, and the walls of houses in neighboring villages, and Shide had written a line poem on the wall of an Earth God temple. Hanshan's poetry consists of Chinese verse, in 3, 5, or 7 character lines; never shorter than 4 lines, and never longer than 34 lines.
The language is marked by the use of more colloquial Medieval Vernacular Sinitic than almost any other Tang poet. All these terms refer to ways a poem could be defective according to the rigid poetic structures then prevalent. Thematically, Hanshan draws heavily on Buddhist and Taoist themes, often remarking on life's short and transient nature, and the necessity of escape through some sort of transcendence.
He varies and expands on this theme, sometimes speaking of Mahayana Buddhism's 'Great Vehicle', and other times of Taoist ways and symbols like cranes. The following poem begins with the imagery of the burning house and the three carts from the Parable of the Burning House found in The Lotus Sutra , then ends with typical Zen and Taoist imagery of freedom from conceptualizations.
This mixed influence is probably due to the high preponderance of Taoists and Buddhists in the same area. The eminent Taoist Ge Hong acclaimed Mount Tiantai as 'the perfect place for practicing the arts of immortality,' which is probably also why so many Buddhist temples were established in the vicinity as well.
Many poems display a deep concern for humanity, which in his view stubbornly refuses to look ahead, and short-sightedly indulges in all manner of vice, like eating animal flesh, piling up sins 'high as Mount Sumeru'. While Hanshan eschewed fancy techniques and obscure erudition, his poems are still highly evocative at times: Red Pine poem He is hard to pin down religiously. Chan concepts and terminology sometimes appear in his work.
The poetry from Cold Mountain has influenced the poets of many generations and cultures. He is especially loved by the Japanese, who know him as Kanzan. In the introduction to his translation which appeared in the Evergreen Review , Snyder wrote of Hanshan, "He and his sidekick Shih-te Jittoku in Japanese became great favorites with Zen painters of later days — the scroll, the broom, the wild hair and laughter.
They became Immortals and you sometimes run into them today in the skidrows, orchards, hobo jungles, and logging camps of America.
Translations by Snyder and by Red Pine were influential in the work of the artist Brice Marden , who executed a large series of paintings, drawings, and prints themed around the poems. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Chinese monk and poet. This article is about the Tang dynasty poet. For the Ming dynasty monk, see Hanshan Deqing. Dharma Concepts. Buddhist texts. Buddhism by country. Poetry portal. Linguistic Evidence for the Date of Hanshan in Studies in chinese poetry and poetics ed.
Mioa, Chinese Materials Center, Vol I p Chinese poetry. Classical Chinese poetry Modern Chinese poetry. Antithetical couplet ci fu shi qu yuefu.
Chinese poems category list List of poems article. Cantonese poetry. Topics in Buddhism. Outline Glossary Index. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Part of a series on. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hanshan.
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Gary Snyder is an American poet often associated with the Beat Generation and the San Francisco Renaissance , as well as an essayist, lecturer, and environmental activist frequently described as the "poet laureate of Deep Ecology". Snyder is a winner of a Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. His work, in his various roles, reflects an immersion in both Buddhist spirituality and nature.
I cannot remember things I once read A few friends, but they are in cities. Drinking cold snow-water from a tin cup Looking down for miles Through high still air.
На ступенях прямо перед Халохотом сверкнул какой-то металлический предмет. Он вылетел из-за поворота на уровне лодыжек подобно рапире фехтовальщика. Халохот попробовал отклониться влево, но не успел и со всей силы ударился об него голенью. В попытке сохранить равновесие он резко выбросил руки в стороны, но они ухватились за пустоту.
У нее был такой вид, словно она только что увидела призрак. - Джабба! - Соши задыхалась. - Червь… я знаю, на что он запрограммирован! - Она сунула распечатку Джаббе. - Я поняла это, сделав пробу системных функций. Мы выделили отдаваемые им команды - смотрите. Смотрите, на что он нацелен. Шеф систем безопасности прочитал текст и схватился за поручень.
No one knows who he was, when he lived and died, or whether he actually existed.Reply
I first became aware of the Tang dynasty poet, Han Shan, in the late s , when I was engrossed in reading the poets of the earlier Beat generation.Reply
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RIPRAP. &. Cold Mountain Poems. GARY SNYDER. FOUR SEASONS RIPRAP. Riprap: a cobble of stone laid on steep slick rock to make a trail for horses in.Reply