application of biotechnology in food and dairy industry pdf

Application of biotechnology in food and dairy industry pdf

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Biotechnology

chapter and author info

Introductory Chapter: Overview of Trends in Dairy Science and Technology

Biotechnology

Biotechnology is the use of biological systems found in organisms or the use of the living organisms themselves to make technological advances and adapt those technologies to various fields. It does not only include applications in fields that involve the living but also any other field where the information obtained from the biological aspect of an organism can be applied. Biotechnology is particularly vital when it comes to the development of minuscule and chemical tools, as many of the tools biotechnology uses exist at the cellular level. In a bid to understand more regarding biotechnology, here are its types, examples, and applications. According to the Biotechnology Innovation Organization ,. We have used the biological processes of microorganisms for more than 6, years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products.

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Every fruit, vegetable, grain and domestic animal we see today is the result of genetic modification. Biotechnology refines and extends methods that produce new plants and animals. Biotechnology has a long history of use in food production and processing. For ten thousand years fermentation, a form of biotechnology, has been used to produce wine, beer and bread. Selective breeding of animals such as horses and dogs has been going on for centuries. Selective breeding of essential foods such as rice, corn and wheat have created thousands of local varieties with improved yield compared to their wild ancestors.

Introductory Chapter: Overview of Trends in Dairy Science and Technology

Current Issues and Challenges in the Dairy Industry. Dairy science and technology is a field that encompasses the production and manufacturing of all dairy products as well as the machinery and methods used in the dairy industry. The largest part of the food supply chain is, by far, the dairy industry.

Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. In: Muehlhoff, E. Accessed [ 3 ] Schaafsma, G. International Dairy Journal, 18,

Dairy Biotechnology

Module 1.

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