flora and fauna in indonesia pdf

Flora and fauna in indonesia pdf

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Fauna of Indonesia

Indonesia’s Rainforests: Biodiversity and Endangered Species

Plant and animal life

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The fauna of Indonesia is characterised by high levels of biodiversity and endemicity due to its distribution over a vast tropical archipelago. The Wallace Line , around which lies the Wallacea transitional region, notionally divides the two regions. Environmental issues due to Indonesia's rapid industrialisation process and high population growth , have seen lower priority given to preserving ecosystems. The origin of fauna in Indonesia was determined by geographical and geological events on the Asian continental landmass and the Australasian continental landmass now Australia. This supercontinent began to break up million years ago, and the new Australia-New Guinea continent previously known as Sahul moved towards the equator. During this period, animals from New Guinea travelled to Australia and vice versa, creating many different species living in different ecosystems.

Fauna of Indonesia

Just like common tropical islands, in Bali you will find a wide variety of plants by surprise. Huge banyan trees are everywhere in the villages by the Bale banjar or pavilion, or temples ground. Tamarind is also a typical Balinese tree mostly found in the north coast, as well as clove at the highlands. Meanwhile acacia, flame tree and mangrove can be found along the south coastlines. Craft and house use basketries, a dozen species of coconut palms and varieties of bamboos are also everywhere across the island. Flowers families are just as surprisingly as the variety of big plants.

There are more than 3, tree species, including durian , which bears large, armoured, odorous yet edible fruit; sandalwood ; Shorea macrophylla , which yields illipe nuts, a fruit that contains a fat substance similar to cocoa butter; and valuable timber varieties such as teak and ironwood. Thousands of plant species are exploited for economic purposes, either directly or indirectly. The most important vegetation type is the mixed lowland and hill tropical rainforest, which occurs below 5, feet 1, metres. It is characterized by a large number of species, including high-canopied and buttressed trees and woody, thick-stemmed lianas climbing plants. Epiphytes plants that derive nourishment from the air and usually live on another plant such as orchids and ferns , saprophytes plants that live on dead or decaying matter , and parasites are well developed. Above 5, feet 1, metres this forest gives way to temperate upland forest dominated by oak , laurel , tea , and magnolia species. Another typical feature of Indonesian vegetation is the mangrove forest, characterized by the formation of stilt- or prop-rooted trees, which grow only in salty or brackish water along muddy shores.


Forest genetic resources in Indonesia are defined in various forms form of wildlife​, plants, and microorganism. Forest areas, forest biological resources and their.


Indonesia’s Rainforests: Biodiversity and Endangered Species

Many sources credit Indonesia as the most species rich country on earth. Only decisive action and a paradigm shift towards meaningful conservation commitments by industry and the Indonesian government will prevent a catastrophic epidemic of extinctions in the coming decades. Please join us to ensure our work is not too late. And there is still much to be discovered.

Biosci Biotech Res Asia ;13 4. The method used was observation, survey and desk methods. In addition, it also found other fauna such as pigs, mice, wild chicken etc. There were some pressure influenced the existancy of flora and fauna in the garden, those are: illegal logging, hunting or trapped animals and forest fire.

Plant and animal life

 - Вон. Беккер совсем забыл о кольце, об Агентстве национальной безопасности, обо всем остальном, проникшись жалостью к девушке. Наверное, родители отправили ее сюда по какой-то школьной образовательной программе, снабдив кредитной карточкой Виза, а все кончилось тем, что она посреди ночи вкалывает себе в туалете наркотик.

 - Вон. Беккер совсем забыл о кольце, об Агентстве национальной безопасности, обо всем остальном, проникшись жалостью к девушке. Наверное, родители отправили ее сюда по какой-то школьной образовательной программе, снабдив кредитной карточкой Виза, а все кончилось тем, что она посреди ночи вкалывает себе в туалете наркотик. - Вы себя хорошо чувствуете? - спросил он, пятясь к двери. - Нормально, - высокомерно бросила.  - А тебе здесь делать нечего.

 - Женщина улыбнулась и протянула ему тонкую изящную руку.

5 comments

  • Ken E. 02.05.2021 at 06:02

    Department of Health, Dian Nuswantoro University, Semarang, Indonesia. Mitra Adi Pranata Company, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).

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  • Michael H. 02.05.2021 at 13:07

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  • Nadir E. 05.05.2021 at 14:47

    The planet Earth is a beautiful place to live in.

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  • Ray B. 06.05.2021 at 15:51

    PDF | The processes that threaten Indonesian threatened plants were identified and categorized based on a comprehensive review of the.

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