causes of drug and alcohol abuse pdf

Causes of drug and alcohol abuse pdf

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An International Journal on Biomedical and Psychosocial Approaches

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Promoting and Protecting the City's Health

The Effects of Drug Abuse on Health

An International Journal on Biomedical and Psychosocial Approaches

Alcoholism has been known by a variety of terms, including alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. It occurs when you drink so much that your body eventually becomes dependent on or addicted to alcohol.

When this happens, alcohol becomes the most important thing in your life. People with alcohol use disorder will continue to drink even when drinking causes negative consequences, like losing a job or destroying relationships with people they love. This used to be referred to as alcohol abuse. The cause of alcohol use disorder is still unknown. Alcohol use disorder develops when you drink so much that chemical changes in the brain occur.

These changes increase the pleasurable feelings you get when you drink alcohol. This makes you want to drink more often, even if it causes harm. Eventually, the pleasurable feelings associated with alcohol use go away and the person with alcohol use disorder will engage in drinking to prevent withdrawal symptoms. These withdrawal symptoms can be quite unpleasant and even dangerous. Although the exact cause of alcohol use disorder is unknown, there are certain factors that may increase your risk for developing this disease.

Symptoms of alcohol use disorder are based on the behaviors and physical outcomes that occur as a result of alcohol addiction. Sometimes it can be hard to draw the line between safe alcohol use and the misuse of alcohol.

These tests can help you assess whether you misuse alcohol. Your doctor or healthcare provider can diagnose alcohol use disorder. Your doctor may also use a questionnaire that assesses alcohol use disorder to help diagnose your condition.

Alcohol use disorder can cause serious and lasting damage to your liver. Your liver is responsible for removing toxins from your blood. When you drink too much, your liver has a harder time filtering the alcohol and other toxins from your bloodstream. This can lead to liver disease and other complications. Treatment for alcohol use disorder varies, but each method is meant to help you stop drinking altogether.

This is called abstinence. Treatment may occur in stages and can include the following:. You may need to seek treatment at an inpatient facility if your addiction to alcohol is severe.

These facilities will provide you with hour care as you withdraw from alcohol and recover from your addiction. Recovering from alcohol use disorder is difficult.

Your outlook will depend on your ability to stop drinking. Many people who seek treatment are able to overcome the addiction. A strong support system is helpful for making a complete recovery. Your outlook will also depend on the health complications that have developed as a result of your drinking.

Alcohol use disorder can severely damage your liver. It can also lead to other health complications, including:. You can prevent alcohol use disorder by limiting your alcohol intake. See your doctor if you begin to engage in behaviors that are signs of alcohol use disorder or if you think that you may have a problem with alcohol.

You should also consider attending a local AA meeting or participating in a self-help program such as Women for Sobriety. Do you know someone who has an alcohol addiction? Find out how you can help and be a positive influence in their journey to be alcohol-free. Alcohol withdrawal syndrome refers to the symptoms experienced when a heavy drinker drastically reduces or stops their alcohol intake.

Symptoms like…. Alcohol withdrawal delirium AWD is the most serious form of alcohol withdrawal. What happens to your body after you take your first sip of alcohol? Learn the effects of your drinking habits on your body. Alternative treatments can help you overcome alcoholism. Learn how meditation, yoga, and other therapies can support your primary treatment. Viagra can help men with erectile dysfunction. Turning to alcohol, pot, or other substances to help ease feelings of stress and loneliness during the COVID outbreak could do more harm than good….

Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph. What causes it? What are the risk factors? What are the symptoms? Self-testing: Do I misuse alcohol? Professional diagnosis. How is it treated? How can you prevent alcohol use disorder? How to Help Someone with an Alcohol Addiction. Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome. Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium. The Effects of Alcohol on Your Body. Read this next. Stages of Alcoholism. Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, M. Alternative Treatments for Alcoholism.

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Alcoholism has been known by a variety of terms, including alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. It occurs when you drink so much that your body eventually becomes dependent on or addicted to alcohol. When this happens, alcohol becomes the most important thing in your life. People with alcohol use disorder will continue to drink even when drinking causes negative consequences, like losing a job or destroying relationships with people they love. This used to be referred to as alcohol abuse. The cause of alcohol use disorder is still unknown.


addiction to a wide variety of drugs, including nicotine, alcohol, and illicit and Prenatal use of some drugs, including opioids, may cause a withdrawal.


Promoting and Protecting the City's Health

Drug addiction, also called substance use disorder, is a disease that affects a person's brain and behavior and leads to an inability to control the use of a legal or illegal drug or medication. Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine also are considered drugs. When you're addicted, you may continue using the drug despite the harm it causes. Drug addiction can start with experimental use of a recreational drug in social situations, and, for some people, the drug use becomes more frequent.

The Effects of Drug Abuse on Health

Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Drug and Alcohol Dependence is an international journal devoted to publishing original research, scholarly reviews, commentaries, and policy analyses in the area of drug , alcohol and tobacco use and dependence. Articles range from studies of the chemistry of substances of abuse , their actions at molecular Articles range from studies of the chemistry of substances of abuse , their actions at molecular and cellular sites, in vitro and in vivo investigations of their biochemical, pharmacological and behavioural actions, laboratory-based and clinical research in humans, substance abuse treatment and prevention research, and studies employing methods from epidemiology, sociology, and economics. The goal of the journal is to provide researchers, clinicians, and policy makers access to material from all perspectives in a single journal in a format that is understandable and which has received rigorous editorial review.

Drugs are chemicals that affect the body and brain. Different drugs can have different effects. Some effects of drugs include health consequences that are long-lasting and permanent. They can even continue after a person has stopped taking the substance. There are a few ways a person can take drugs, including injection, inhalation and ingestion. The effects of the drug on the body can depend on how the drug is delivered. For example, the injection of drugs directly into the bloodstream has an immediate impact, while ingestion has a delayed effect.

Drug Use and Addiction

Drug and Alcohol Dependence

People who have not struggled with substance abuse may find it difficult to understand why anyone would start using. There are, in fact, many reasons why some people turn to or start abusing drugs, and unfortunately the consequences can be life-shattering. While every case is unique, there are general patterns that indicate why some people use drugs, how addiction develops, and the consequences of drug abuse. While specific incentives differ from person to person, generally speaking, people start using drugs to escape or mask pain. In some individuals, the onset of drug use can be from untreated psychiatric issues including anxiety and depression. The rush of pleasure from using drugs can provide temporary solace from suffering, which can stem from many mental health or other issues including the following:. But whatever their reason for starting, once addiction sets in, the disease usually spirals more and more out of their control.

This study uses a functional perspective to examine the reasons young people cite for using psychoactive substances. The study sample comprised young poly-drug users recruited using snowball-sampling methods. Data on lifetime and recent frequency and intensity of use for alcohol, cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, LSD and cocaine are presented. A majority of the participants had used at least one of these six drugs to fulfil 11 of 18 measured substance use functions. The most popular functions for use were using to: relax Substance use functions were found to differ by age and gender. Recognition of the functions fulfilled by substance use should help health educators and prevention strategists to make health messages about drugs more relevant and appropriate to general and specific audiences.

The Causes and Effects of Drug Addiction

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Regardless of the factors at work, it is the ultimate goal of the nation's investment in drug abuse research to take more effective measures to prevent drug abuse and to reduce its associated costs and consequences.

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