causes effects and solutions of plastic pollution pdf

Causes effects and solutions of plastic pollution pdf

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What is Plastic Pollution?

Plastic pollution

Plastic pollution , accumulation in the environment of synthetic plastic products to the point where they create problems for wildlife and their habitats as well as for human populations. In the invention of Bakelite brought about a revolution in materials by introducing truly synthetic plastic resins into world commerce. By the end of the 20th century, however, plastics had been found to be persistent polluters of many environmental niches , from Mount Everest to the bottom of the sea. Whether being mistaken for food by animals , flooding low-lying areas by clogging drainage systems, or simply causing significant aesthetic blight , plastics have attracted increasing attention as a large-scale pollutant. Plastic is a polymeric material —that is, a material whose molecules are very large, often resembling long chains made up of a seemingly endless series of interconnected links.


Plastic pollution is a major threat to our planet and oceans. Find out its causes and effects, innovative solutions and how you can contribute to stop it. At this rate, there will be more plastic than fish in the oceans by What causes plastic pollution? And most importantly, what are the possible solutions to reduce and prevent it? The Solar Impulse Label is granted to innovative solutions to plastic pollution that meet high standards of sustainability and profitability.

On-the-go lifestyles require easily disposable products, such as soda cans or bottles of water. Still, the accumulation of these products has led to increasing amounts of plastic pollution around the world. Often this includes killing plant life and posing dangers to local animals. Plastic is an incredibly useful material, but it is also made from toxic compounds known to cause illness, and since it is meant for durability, it is not biodegradable. I am concerned about the air we breathe and the water we drink. If overfishing continues, if pollution continues, many of these species will disappear off the face of the earth. Plastic is everywhere, even on those items you may not expect it to be.

What is Plastic Pollution?

Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic objects and particles e. Plastic pollution can afflict land, waterways and oceans. It is estimated that 1. Effects on humans include disruption of various hormonal mechanisms. As of , about million tonnes of plastic is produced worldwide each year. From the s up to , an estimated 6. Some researchers suggest that by there could be more plastic than fish in the oceans by weight.

Plastic pollution is everywhere. It chokes and starves wildlife, distributes germs and toxins, and is eaten by fish and ultimately humans. It is even in the air we breathe. Plastic has been a popular material because it is flexible, lightweight, and strong. That makes it ideal for packaging, its largest use.

Plastic is a synthetic organic polymer made from petroleum with properties ideally suited for a wide variety of applications, including packaging, building and construction, household and sports equipment, vehicles, electronics and agriculture. Plastic is cheap, lightweight, strong and malleable. Over million tons of plastic are produced every year, half of which is used to design single-use items such as shopping bags, cups and straws. At least 8 million tons of plastic end up in our oceans every year. Floating plastic debris are currently the most abundant items of marine litter.

Plastic pollution

We tend to look skywards when talking about pollution, but this problem is not confined to our skies. The soil in which our fruit and vegetables grow is also suffering its consequences, the effects of which getting to us directly, for instance, through the aforementioned foodstuffs. The time has come to look after what lies under our feet! Soil pollution is mostly caused by chemical substances produced by human activity. The soil is the skin of the earth, a mantle full of scars, thousand-year-old wrinkles and more recent injuries caused both by man and nature itself.

Oceans, which account for 70 percent of the surface of our planet, play a pivotal role in the health of our planet and those who inhabit it. Unfortunately, our oceans are polluted. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration , billions of pounds of trash and other pollutants enter our oceans every year. The monumental impacts of this are far-reaching. There are many causes of ocean pollution.

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  • Henry G. 04.05.2021 at 01:20

    Various Causes of Plastic Pollution · 1. Plain Old Trash · 2. It is Overused · 3. Plastic takes years and even more to Decompose · 4. Fishing Nets · 5. Disposing of.

  • Eleanor G. 09.05.2021 at 12:15

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  • Dipesh F. 10.05.2021 at 13:49

    Plastic pollution has a cost for human health, marine life, tourism, and cities. Taxes on polluters could help pay for solutions.

  • Jana78 10.05.2021 at 20:16

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  • Jude B. 12.05.2021 at 01:05

    In nature, there is no waste that does not decompose.


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