quality assurance and voluntary accreditation pdf

Quality assurance and voluntary accreditation pdf

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Educational accreditation

Definitions and Purposes of Accreditation

Twenty years of accreditation in Russian higher education: lessons learnt

The purpose of this article is to analyze main principles, forms and approaches to education quality evaluation in the process of establishment, development and crucial changes in the state accreditation of educational institutions and study programmes in Russian higher education in the last 20 years. The major research method used in the paper is the qualitative analysis of legal and statistical documents, research papers and accreditation practices, which impacted the development and transformation of accreditation forms in Russia.

Educational accreditation is a quality assurance process under which services and operations of educational institutions or programs are evaluated and verified by an external body to determine whether applicable and recognized standards are met. If standards are met, accredited status is granted by the appropriate agency. In most countries the function of educational accreditation is conducted by a government organization, such as a Ministry of Education.

Educational accreditation

The Commission on Dental Accreditation is a specialized accrediting body established by the American Dental Association to ensure the quality of institutions or programs graduating individuals as dental professionals. The CODA grants accreditation to dental, advanced dental and allied dental educational programs. The disciplines include:. A base font size A medium font size A larger font size. Definitions and Purposes of Accreditation Accreditation in higher education is a collegial process based on self and peer assessment.

Its purpose is the improvement of academic quality and public accountability. This continuing quality control process occurs usually every five to ten years. Accreditation is a term covering both the initial and ongoing approval of a school, postsecondary institution, or program offering as meeting the standards established by a nationally recognized accrediting association for membership in the association.

Accrediting associations are voluntary membership organizations that undertake to monitor the academic and administrative quality of their members, which are either entire institutions or components. Accreditation is a uniquely American invention. In other countries, ministries and statutory laws grant recognition afforded to schools and higher education institutions.

The validity of accreditation for such purposes is recognized by state governments, the federal government, and generally by other countries and international organizations. Most institutions attain eligibility for federal funds by holding an accredited status with one of the accrediting agencies recognized by the Secretary of the USDE.

The states assume varying degrees of control over education, but, in general, institutions of higher education are permitted to operate with considerable independence and autonomy. As a consequence, American educational institutions can vary widely in the character and quality of their programs.

In order to ensure a basic level of quality, the practice of accreditation arose in the United States as a means of conducting non-governmental, peer evaluation of educational institutions and programs.

Private educational associations of regional or national scope have adopted criteria reflecting the qualities of a sound educational program and have developed procedures for evaluating institutions or programs to determine whether or not they are operating at basic levels of quality. Functions of Accreditation: 1. Standards: The accrediting agency, in collaboration with its communities of interest, establishes and periodically revises standards and policies.

Self-study: The institution or program seeking accreditation prepares an in-depth self-study that measures its performance against the standards established by the accrediting agency. On-site Evaluation: The association selects a team of external academic and administrative experts from other similar institutions or programs.

The team reviews the self-study and visits the institution or program to determine first-hand if the applicant meets the established standards. The evaluation team issues its report of findings enumerating any conditions that need to be met before full positive approval may be given.

Reevaluation: The accrediting agency periodically reevaluates each institution or program that it lists to ascertain whether continuation of its accredited or pre-accredited status is warranted. Types of Accreditation There are two basic types of educational accreditation: one identified as "institutional" and one referred to as "specialized" or "programmatic.

The various commissions of the regional accrediting associations, for example, perform institutional accreditation, as do many national accrediting agencies. Specialized or programmatic accreditation normally applies to programs, departments, or schools that are part of an institution. The accredited unit may be as large as a college or school within a university or as small as a curriculum within a discipline.

Most of the specialized or programmatic accrediting agencies review units within an institution of higher education that is accredited by one of the regional accrediting commissions. However, certain accrediting agencies also accredit professional schools and other specialized or vocational institutions of higher education that are freestanding in their operations.

Thus, a specialized or "programmatic" accrediting agency may also function in the capacity of an "institutional" accrediting agency. In addition, a number of specialized accrediting agencies accredit educational programs within non-educational settings, such as hospitals. The disciplines include: predoctoral dental dental hygiene dental assisting dental laboratory technology dental therapy dental public health oral and maxillofacial pathology oral and maxillofacial surgery pediatric dentistry prosthodontics orofacial pain dental assisting endodontics oral and maxillofacial radiology orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics periodontics general practice residency advanced education in general dentistry dental anesthesiology oral medicine.

Definitions and Purposes of Accreditation

Accreditation is a concept of self-regulation which focuses on self-study and evaluation and on the continuing improvement of educational quality. It is both a process and a result. As a process , it is a form of peer review in which an association of schools and colleges establishes sets of criteria and procedures to encourage high maintenance of standards of education among its affiliate members. As a result , it is a form of certification granted by a recognized and authorized accrediting agency to an educational program or to an educational institution as possessing certain standards of quality which are over and above those prescribed as minimum requirements for government recognition. Accreditation is based upon an analysis of the merits of educational operations in the context of the institution's philosophy and objectives. Basic Principles of Accreditation. Characteristics of Accreditation.

One issue facing countries in transition concerns how to ensure quality for a broader and more diverse set of institutions. Quality assurance processes i. Three questions emerge. Do differences among transition countries relative to central control prior to independence explain the current set of quality assurance mechanisms? Has the growth of private higher education in transition countries affected how quality assurance is conceptualised?


In the Philippines and in the world, the accepted quality assurance in education is voluntary accreditation. What is voluntary accreditation? Voluntary.


Twenty years of accreditation in Russian higher education: lessons learnt

The Commission on Dental Accreditation is a specialized accrediting body established by the American Dental Association to ensure the quality of institutions or programs graduating individuals as dental professionals. The CODA grants accreditation to dental, advanced dental and allied dental educational programs. The disciplines include:. A base font size A medium font size A larger font size. Definitions and Purposes of Accreditation Accreditation in higher education is a collegial process based on self and peer assessment.

Twenty years of accreditation in Russian higher education: lessons learnt

Quality is no longer perceived as an institutional internal matter but as one which is of concern to various stakeholders both internally and externally. The existence of Quality Assurance QA system establishes a sense of accountability and clarifies the roles and responsibilities of providers of higher education, local authorities, investors, future employers, students and other delivery partners in ensuring that programs of study and their related support infrastructure are of the highest standards.

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