human hormones and their functions chart pdf

Human hormones and their functions chart pdf

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Endocrine System: Facts, Functions and Diseases

List of important hormones and their functions

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Human endocrine system , group of ductless glands that regulate body processes by secreting chemical substances called hormones. Hormones act on nearby tissues or are carried in the bloodstream to act on specific target organs and distant tissues. Diseases of the endocrine system can result from the oversecretion or undersecretion of hormones or from the inability of target organs or tissues to respond to hormones effectively. It is important to distinguish between an endocrine gland, which discharges hormones into the bloodstream, and an exocrine gland , which secretes substances through a duct opening in a gland onto an external or internal body surface. Salivary glands and sweat glands are examples of exocrine glands. Both saliva, secreted by the salivary glands, and sweat, secreted by the sweat glands, act on local tissues near the duct openings.

Endocrine Community. Email Print Discuss. Written by Robert M. Sargis MD, PhD. Simply put, the endocrine system is a network of glands that secrete chemicals called hormones to help your body function properly. Hormones are chemical signals that coordinate a range of bodily functions. The endocrine system works to regulate certain internal processes.

The endocrine system is a network of glands and organs located throughout the body. However, while the nervous system uses nerve impulses and neurotransmitters for communication, the endocrine system uses chemical messengers called hormones. Keep reading to discover more about the endocrine system, what it does, and the hormones it produces. The endocrine system is responsible for regulating a range of bodily functions through the release of hormones. Hormones are secreted by the glands of the endocrine system, traveling through the bloodstream to various organs and tissues in the body. The hormones then tell these organs and tissues what to do or how to function. The endocrine system is made up of a complex network of glands , which are organs that secrete substances.

Endocrine System: Facts, Functions and Diseases

The endocrine system is the collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, and mood, among other things. The endocrine system is made up of the pituitary gland , thyroid gland , parathyroid glands , adrenal glands , pancreas , ovaries in females and testicles in males , according to the Mayo Clinic. The word endocrine derives from the Greek words "endo," meaning within, and "crinis," meaning to secrete, according to Health Mentor Online. In general, a gland selects and removes materials from the blood, processes them and secretes the finished chemical product for use somewhere in the body. The endocrine system affects almost every organ and cell in the body, according to the Merck Manual. Although the hormones circulate throughout the body, each type of hormone is targeted toward certain organs and tissues, the Merck Manual notes.

List of important hormones and their functions

Hormone , organic substance secreted by plants and animals that functions in the regulation of physiological activities and in maintaining homeostasis. Hormones carry out their functions by evoking responses from specific organs or tissues that are adapted to react to minute quantities of them. The classical view of hormones is that they are transmitted to their targets in the bloodstream after discharge from the glands that secrete them. This mode of discharge directly into the bloodstream is called endocrine secretion. The meaning of the term hormone has been extended beyond the original definition of a blood -borne secretion, however, to include similar regulatory substances that are distributed by diffusion across cell membranes instead of by a blood system.

The following is a list of hormones found in Homo sapiens. Spelling is not uniform for many hormones. In male: spermatogenesis , enhances production of androgen-binding protein by the Sertoli cells of the testes. Inhibit immune response, towards the human embryo.

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Error: This is required. Error: Not a valid value. The hormonal system called the endocrine system in medical terminology has various glands that release different hormones. They take messages from one part of the body the gland to tell another part of the body the target cell to do something important.

Hormones are secreted in the body by several glands that are essential for the growth, development, reproduction, etc. They are secreted by special tissues in our body through endocrine glands. Different hormones have different effects on the shape of the body.

Numerous glands throughout the body produce hormones. The hypothalamus produces several releasing and inhibiting hormones that act on the pituitary gland, stimulating the release of pituitary hormones.

Diseases of the endocrine system

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