raster data and vector data in gis pdf

Raster data and vector data in gis pdf

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Vector vs Raster: What’s the Difference Between GIS Spatial Data Types?

GIS Introduction by David J. Buckey


Vector vs Raster: What’s the Difference Between GIS Spatial Data Types?

In its simplest form, a raster consists of a matrix of cells or pixels organized into rows and columns or a grid where each cell contains a value representing information, such as temperature. Rasters are digital aerial photographs, imagery from satellites, digital pictures, or even scanned maps. Data stored in a raster format represents real-world phenomena:. Thematic and continuous rasters may be displayed as data layers along with other geographic data on your map but are often used as the source data for spatial analysis with the ArcGIS Spatial Analyst extension. Picture rasters are often used as attributes in tables—they can be displayed with your geographic data and are used to convey additional information about map features. Learn more about thematic and continuous data. While the structure of raster data is simple, it is exceptionally useful for a wide range of applications.

A geodatabase is a database that is in some way referenced to locations on the earth. Coupled with this data is usually data known as attribute data. Attribute data generally defined as additional information, which can then be tied to spatial data. GIS data can be separated into two categories: spatially referenced data which is represented by vector and raster forms including imagery and attribute tables which is represented in tabular format. Within the spatial referenced data group, the GIS data can be further classified into two different types: vector and raster. Most GIS software applications mainly focus on the usage and manipulation of vector geodatabases with added components to work with raster-based geodatabases.

GIS Introduction by David J. Buckey

When we come to depict any spatial data in GIS, from physical assets and locations to real-world events and trends, there are two differing systems to display data; Raster and Vector representations. Both of these methods present data in their own format, with their own advantages and disadvantages. Vector data is what most people think of when they consider spatial data. Data in this format consists of points, lines or polygons. At its simplest level, vector data comprises of individual points stored as coordinate pairs that indicate a physical location in the world.

No matter what your interests are or what field you work in, spatial data is always being considered whether you know it or not. Spatial data can exist in a variety of formats and contains more than just location specific information. To properly understand and learn more about spatial data, there are a few key terms that will help you become more fluent in the language of spatial data. Vector data is best described as graphical representations of the real world. There are three main types of vector data: points, lines, and polygons. Connecting points create lines, and connecting lines that create an enclosed area create polygons. Vector data and the file format known as shapefiles.

Data expands the richness of a map: giving the user a deeper, more insightful view of an area or project. Remember, as a concept, GIS can be defined as the intersection of data and location. In the last chapter, we covered the location component: mapping. However, GIS mapping requires more than coordinates. Vector data is, essentially, a list of coordinates: one that provides instructions on how an image should be rendered. Vector images are high-fidelity graphical representations of an image or shape. This graphical property means that vector images are infinitely scalable.

beginning GIS users the difference between vector and raster data. Also, to be included in the lesson is a basic explanation of a land-cover.


In contrast to the raster data model is the vector data model. In this model, space is not quantized into discrete grid cells like the raster model. Vector data models use points and their associated X, Y coordinate pairs to represent the vertices of spatial features, much as if they were being drawn on a map by hand Aronoff

What is Spatial Data?

Raster and vector are two very different but common data formats used to store geospatial data. Vector data use X and Y coordinates to define the locations of points, lines, and areas polygons that correspond to map features such as fire hydrants, trails, and parcels.

Raster Data

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Vector vs Raster: What’s the Difference Between GIS Spatial Data Types?

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  • Charles O. 12.05.2021 at 15:13

    Geographic features stored in a GIS can be considered as one of three types: • points: no area at this scale (e.g. building, tower). • lines (arcs): no width at this.

  • Orimbromcym 13.05.2021 at 12:12

    PDF | Data Data Vector Data and Raster Data | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate.

  • Zuleika D. 13.05.2021 at 23:02

    Coupling of gravitation and electromagnetism in the weak field approximation pdf cell and molecular biology by gerald karp 6th edition pdf free download


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