types of therapeutic agents and their uses pdf

Types of therapeutic agents and their uses pdf

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New Compounds with Antimicrobial Activity

Chemotherapy

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Considering the potential threat of a pandemic, scientists and physicians have been racing to understand this new virus and the pathophysiology of this disease to uncover possible treatment regimens and discover effective therapeutic agents and vaccines. To support the current research and development, CAS has produced a special report to provide an overview of published scientific information with an emphasis on patents in the CAS content collection.

Metrics details. It has been more than three decades since the first monoclonal antibody was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration US FDA in , and during this time, antibody engineering has dramatically evolved. Current antibody drugs have increasingly fewer adverse effects due to their high specificity. As a result, therapeutic antibodies have become the predominant class of new drugs developed in recent years. Over the past five years, antibodies have become the best-selling drugs in the pharmaceutical market, and in , eight of the top ten bestselling drugs worldwide were biologics.

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Heart disease remains an increasing major public health challenge in the United States and worldwide. A common end-organ feature in diseased hearts is myocardial fibrosis, which stiffens the heart and interferes with normal pump function, leading to pump failure. The development of cells for regenerative therapy has been met with many pitfalls on its path to clinical translation. Recognizing that regenerative cells secrete therapeutically bioactive vesicles has paved the way to circumvent many failures of cell therapy. In this review, we provide an overview of extracellular vesicles EVs , with a focus on their utility as therapeutic agents for cardiac regeneration. We also highlight the engineering potential of EVs to enhance their therapeutic application.

There are many types of cancer treatment. The types of treatment that you receive will depend on the type of cancer you have and how advanced it is. Some people with cancer will have only one treatment. When you need treatment for cancer, you have a lot to learn and think about. It is normal to feel overwhelmed and confused. But, talking with your doctor and learning about the types of treatment you may have can help you feel more in control.

New Compounds with Antimicrobial Activity

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. A Corrigendum to this article was published on 20 April

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs chemotherapeutic agents as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent which almost always involves combinations of drugs , or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms palliative chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is one of the major categories of the medical discipline specifically devoted to pharmacotherapy for cancer , which is called medical oncology. The term chemotherapy has come to connote non-specific usage of intracellular poisons to inhibit mitosis cell division or induce DNA damage , which is why inhibition of DNA repair can augment chemotherapy. The development of therapies with specific molecular or genetic targets, which inhibit growth-promoting signals from classic endocrine hormones primarily estrogens for breast cancer and androgens for prostate cancer are now called hormonal therapies.

Therapeutics , treatment and care of a patient for the purpose of both preventing and combating disease or alleviating pain or injury. In a broad sense, therapeutics means serving and caring for the patient in a comprehensive manner, preventing disease as well as managing specific problems. Exercise , diet, and mental factors are therefore integral to the prevention, as well as the management, of disease processes. More specific measures that are employed to treat specific symptoms include the use of drugs to relieve pain or treat infection, surgery to remove diseased tissue or replace poorly functioning or nonfunctioning organs with fully operating ones, and counseling or psychotherapy to relieve emotional distress. Confidence in the physician and in the method selected enhances effectiveness.

Antibacterial agents are a group of materials that selectively destroy bacteria by interfering with bacterial growth or survival. With the emergence of resistance phenomenon of bacterial pathogens to current antibiotics, new drugs are frequently entering into the market along with the existing drugs, and the alternative compounds with antibacterial functions are being explored. Due to the advantages of their inherent biochemical and biophysical properties including precise targeting ability, biocompatibility, biodegradability, long blood circulation time, and low cytotoxicity, biomolecules such as peptides, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids have huge potential for the antimicrobial application and have been extensively studied in recent years. In this review, antimicrobial therapeutic agents composed of three kinds of functional biological molecules were summarized.

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Conflicts of interest comprise financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including but not limited to employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speaker's bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If you have no conflicts of interest, check "No potential conflicts of interest" in the box below. The information will be posted with your response.

Именно это она и хотела узнать. За годы работы в АНБ до нее доходили слухи о неофициальных связях агентства с самыми искусными киллерами в мире - наемниками, выполняющими за разведывательные службы всю грязную работу. - Танкадо слишком умен, чтобы предоставить нам такую возможность, - возразил Стратмор. Сьюзан испытала от этих слов странное облегчение. - У него есть охрана. - В общем-то. - Он прячется в укрытии.

Зачем им переходить на Цифровую крепость. Стратмор улыбнулся: - Это. Мы организуем утечку секретной информации.

2 comments

  • Vaahavenze1988 17.04.2021 at 22:31

    Cancer incidence rates have steadily increased over the past 20 years, while mortality rates have shown a considerable decline [1].

    Reply
  • Aarnold C. 18.04.2021 at 13:54

    PDF | On Jan 1, , Grech G and others published Biotech drugs:biological therapeutic agents. | Find, read and treatment of neutropoenia and its use has.

    Reply

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