File Name: out of my life and thought an autobiography .zip
Memoir is not just a fancy literary term for an autobiography. I say that from the start, because I so often hear the terms incorrectly interchanged. A memoir is theme-oriented with anecdotes from your life that buttress a specific theme. Too many authors write a memoir because they believe their lives are so interesting that even strangers would enjoy a detailed account.
Reverence for Life affords me my fundamental principle of morality, namely, that good consists in maintaining, assisting and enhancing life, and to destroy, to harm or to hinder life is evil. This is something that we share with everything else that lives, from elephants to blades of grass—and, of course, every human being. So we are brothers and sisters to all living things, and owe to all of them the same care and respect, that we wish for ourselves. Schweitzer made Reverence for Life the basic tenet of an ethical philosophy , which he developed and put into practice.
He gave expression to its development in numerous books and publications during his life and also in manuscripts which have recently been published; the main work being his unfinished four-part Philosophy of Culture German : Kulturphilosophie subtitled: "The World-view of Reverence for Life". Albert Schweitzer believed that ethical values which could underpin the ideal of true civilization had to have their foundation in deep thought and be world- and life-affirming.
He therefore embarked on a search for ethical values in the various major religions and world-views accessible to him, but could not find any that were able, unequivocally, to combine ethics with life-affirmation. It was not until two years after moving out to Gabon to establish the Albert Schweitzer Hospital that he finally found the simple statement which answered his quest.
In his autobiography Out of My Life and Thought , Schweitzer explains this process: "Having described how at the beginning of the summer of he awoke from some kind of mental daze, asking himself why he was only criticizing civilization and not working on something constructive.
The essential element in civilization is the ethical perfecting of the individual as well as society. At the same time, every spiritual and every material step forward has significance for civilization.
The will to civilization is, then, the universal will to progress that is conscious of the ethical as the highest value. In spite of the great importance we attach to the achievements of science and human prowess, it is obvious that only a humanity that is striving for ethical ends can benefit in full measure from material progress and can overcome the dangers that accompany it The only possible way out of chaos is for us to adopt a concept of the world based on the ideal of true civilization.
But what is the nature of that concept of the world in which the will to the general progress and the will to the ethical progress join and are linked?
What is affirmation of the world and of life? In that mental state, I had to take a long journey up the river. Lost in thought, I sat on deck of the barge, struggling to find the elementary and universal concept of the ethical that I had not discovered in any philosophy. I covered sheet after sheet with disconnected sentences merely to concentrate on the problem. Two days passed. The iron door had yielded. The path in the thicket had become visible. Now I had found my way to the principle in which affirmation of the world and ethics are joined together!
According to some authors, Schweitzer's thought, and specifically his development of Reverence for Life, was influenced by Indian religious thought and in particular Jain principle of ahimsa non-violence. The laying down of the commandment to not kill and to not damage is one of the greatest events in the spiritual history of mankind. Starting from its principle, founded on world and life denial, of abstention from action, ancient Indian thought — and this is a period when in other respects ethics have not progressed very far — reaches the tremendous discovery that ethics know no bounds.
So far as we know, this is for the first time clearly expressed by Jainism. It should not be overlooked, however, that as a child Schweitzer felt deeply for the suffering of all the creatures around him.
He wrote, "As far back as I can remember I was saddened by the amount of misery I saw in the world around me. Youth's unqualified joie de vivre I never really knew One thing especially saddened me was that the unfortunate animals had to suffer so much pain and misery It was quite incomprehensible to me -- this was before I began going to school -- why in my evening prayers I should pray for human beings only.
So when my mother had prayed with me and had kissed me good-night, I used to add silently a prayer that I composed myself for all living creatures. It ran thus: "O heavenly Father, protect and bless all things that have breath guard them from all evil, and let them sleep in peace Schweitzer twice went fishing with some boys "because they asked [him] to" and "this sports was soon made impossible for me by the treatment of the worms that were put on the hook I gave it up From experiences like these, which moved my heart This awareness affected him throughout his life, as when he would carefully, gently scoop a spider out of a hole it had fallen into before planting a crop there, to feed his patients and their families who also worked on the hospital farm.
He wrote that, just as our own existence is significant to each of us, "[a creature's] existence is significant to it. This reverence for life is given as an element of my will-to-live In his book The Philosophy of Civilization , Schweitzer wrote, "Ethics are responsibility without limit toward all that lives Love means more, since it includes fellowship in suffering, in joy, and in effort Schweitzer held the view in the s that people had largely lost touch with their own will, having subjugated it to outside authority and sacrificed it to external circumstances.
He therefore pointed back to that elemental part of ourselves that can be in touch with our will and can exercise it for the good of all. The most immediate fact of man's consciousness is the assertion "I am life that wills to live in the midst of life that wills to live".
Affirmation of life is the spiritual act by which man ceases to live thoughtlessly and begins to devote himself to his life with reverence in order to give it true value. To affirm life is to deepen, to make more inward, and to exalt the will to live. At the same time the man who has become a thinking being feels a compulsion to give to every will to live the same reverence for life that he gives to his own.
In his search for an answer to the problems posed by what was to him the obvious decline of western civilization, Albert Schweitzer was not prepared to give up the belief in progress which is so much taken for granted by people of European descent. Rather, he sought to identify why this 'will to progress' was seemingly going off the rails and causing the disintegration of European civilization.
He came to the following conclusion in Out of my Life and Thought:  . By itself, the affirmation of life can only produce a partial and imperfect civilization. Only if it turns inward and becomes ethical can the will to progress attain the ability to distinguish the valuable from the worthless.
We must therefore strive for a civilization that is not based on the accretion of science and power alone, but which cares most of all for the spiritual and ethical development of the individual and of humankind. Standing, as all living beings are, before this dilemma of the will to live, a person is constantly forced to preserve his own life and life in general only at the cost of other life.
If he has been touched by the ethic of reverence for life, he injures and destroys life only under a necessity he cannot avoid, and never from thoughtlessness. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Antje Bultmann Lemke , translator.
Emphasis added. Harpercollins; 1st edition October Albert Schweitzer. Prometheus Books March 1, See also this same topic of will-to-live in Out of My Life and Thought.
Hidden categories: Articles containing German-language text. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons.
See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. Search icon An illustration of a magnifying glass. User icon An illustration of a person's head and chest. Sign up Log in. Web icon An illustration of a computer application window Wayback Machine Texts icon An illustration of an open book. Books Video icon An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video Audio icon An illustration of an audio speaker.
In other words, if you are flying in the International Space Station and toss an apple out the window come on, use your imagination , it will keep going in that same direction forever, unless something stops it like a planet, gravity or alien life form. People tend to move in the same direction as they always have unless some external force is applied. I want to change, to improve, to crush it. A book is a powerful external force that can completely knock your life off its mundane straight line and change everything about who you are. The following are five books that did just that in my life. Contact us at letters time. Finally, there were words for the internal dialogue that was taking place every minute of my life.
I was born on January 14, , at Kaysersberg in Upper Alsace, the second child of Louis Schweitzer, who at that time served as minister for the little flock of Protestants in that Catholic place. My paternal grandfather was schoolmaster and organist at Pfaffenhofen in Lower Alsace, and three of his brothers occupied similar posts. Here with my three sisters and one brother I spent a happy childhood overshadowed only by my father's frequent illnesses.
Горячий воздух снизу задувал под юбку. Ступеньки оказались очень скользкими, влажными из-за конденсации пара.
На полу возле тела Хейла лежал листок бумаги. Сьюзан наклонилась и подняла. Это было письмо. Дорогие друзья, сегодня я свожу счеты с жизнью, не в силах вынести тяжести своих грехов… Не веря своим глазам, Сьюзан медленно читала предсмертную записку. Все это было так неестественно, так непохоже на Хейла, а список преступлений больше напоминал перечень сданного в прачечную белья.
Беккер вышел в коридор. Нет проблем. А как же проваливай и умри. ГЛАВА 36 Ручное отключение. Сьюзан отказывалась что-либо понимать. Она была абсолютно уверена, что не вводила такой команды - во всяком случае, намеренно. Подумала, что, может быть, спутала последовательность нажатия клавиш.
И японцы действительно верят, что Цифровая крепость - это нечто особенное.
Reverence for Life affords me my fundamental principle of morality, namely, that good consists in maintaining, assisting and enhancing life, and to destroy, to harm or to hinder life is evil.Reply
The long journey by car will make you sleepy, tired and upset.Reply
stpetersnt.org: Out of My Life and Thought: An Autobiography (): Schweitzer, Albert, Lemke, Antje Bultmann, Miller, Rhena Schweitzer, Lemke.Reply
Thank you for visiting nature.Reply