File Name: conservation of forest and wildlife in india .zip
Biosphere includes all the living forms of earth i. Significance of forests Forests are the important natural resources provided to human beings for their development. Conservation of forests Conservation refers to preservation and management of plant and animal species to protect them from being extinct. Forests can be conserved by maintaining biosphere reserves, wild life sanctuaries and national parks zoological parks and botanical gardens.
They take the photographs, such as these Asian elephants Elephas maximus indicus , and the films that interest others in protecting wildlife. Wildlife conservation is the practice of protecting plant and animal species and their habitats. The goal of wildlife conservation is to ensure the survival of these species, and to educate people on living sustainably with other species. The human population has grown exponentially over the past years, to more than seven billion people today, and it continues to rapidly grow. This means natural resources are being consumed faster than ever by the billions of people on the planet. This growth and development also endangers the habitats and existence of various types of wildlife around the world, particularly animals and plants that may be displaced for land development, or used for food or other human purposes.
Wildlife conservation refers to the practice of protecting wild species and their habitats in order to maintain healthy wildlife species or populations and to restore, protect or enhance natural ecosystems. The IUCN estimates that 27, species of the ones assessed are at risk for extinction. Expanding to all existing species, a UN report on biodiversity put this estimate even higher at a million species. It's also being acknowledged that an increasing number of ecosystems on Earth containing endangered species are disappearing. To address these issues, there have been both national and international governmental efforts to preserve Earth's wildlife. Habitat destruction decreases the number of places wildlife can live in. Habitat fragmentation breaks up a continuous tract of habitat, often dividing large wildlife populations into several smaller ones.
Before , India had only five designated national parks. Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. It extends to the whole of India. It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection. Schedule I and part II of Schedule II provide absolute protection - offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties. Animals under Schedule V , e. The hunting to the Enforcement authorities have the power to compound offences under this Schedule i.
India is home to a large variety of wildlife. It is a biodiversity hotspot with its various ecosystems ranging from the Himalayas in the north to the evergreen rainforests in the south, the desert sands of the west to the marshy mangroves of the east. India, lying within the Indomalayan realm , is home to about 7. This richness of Indian wildlife has been celebrated since time immemorial. In response to decrease in the numbers of wild animals, human encroachment and poaching activities, the government of India established a system of national parks and protected areas in , which was subsequently expanded.
10 per cent of India's recorded wild flora and 20 per cent of its strategies. Conservation of Forest and Wildlife in. India. Conservation in the background of rapid.
Indian wildlife has been neglected and if India is to save its vanishing heritage, active endeavours are essential for conserving the Indian forests. Laws exist to protect the wildlife from slaughter and to regulate hunting, but unfortunately, the legal measures do not fully serve the desired purpose. The destruction deplorably continues, at times, at an alarming rate. The depletion of the wildlife can be attributed largely to deforestation and inroads of human civilization into the forest areas and, the destruction of the forest automatically leads to the decline of the wildlife.
This is an exhaustive article that elucidates upon the top Conservation Projects for wildlife in India along with case laws. Wildlife is defined under Section 2 37 of the Wildlife Protection Act, to include any animal, either aquatic or terrestrial and vegetation that forms a part of any habitat. Wildlife plays a significant role in the ecosystem. It has a crucial role in balancing the environment. The importance also extends to the spheres of economic importance, investigatory importance, gene bank, conservation of biological diversities, cultural importance, etc. In India, there are various laws for the protection and conservation of wildlife, as well as overall biodiversity. The Wildlife Protection Act, is legislation that has been implemented for the protection of wild animals, birds, and plants with a view of ensuring the ecological and environmental security of India.
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