a clear and present danger tick-borne diseases in europe pdf

A clear and present danger tick-borne diseases in europe pdf

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Published: 16.04.2021

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Lyme disease

Mosquito-borne diseases in Europe: an emerging public health threat

Climate change is expected to alter the geographic and seasonal distributions of existing vectors and vector-borne diseases [Likely, High Confidence]. Ticks capable of carrying the bacteria that cause Lyme disease and other pathogens will show earlier seasonal activity and a generally northward expansion in response to increasing temperatures associated with climate change [Likely, High Confidence]. Longer seasonal activity and expanding geographic range of these ticks will increase the risk of human exposure to ticks [Likely, Medium Confidence].

This article has been cited by the following article(s):

Vector-borne diseases are infections transmitted by the bite of infected arthropod species, such as mosquitoes, ticks, triatomine bugs, sandflies, and blackflies. Arthropod vectors are cold-blooded ectothermic and thus especially sensitive to climatic factors. Weather influences survival and reproduction rates of vectors, in turn influencing habitat suitability, distribution and abundance; intensity and temporal pattern of vector activity particularly biting rates throughout the year; and rates of development, survival and reproduction of pathogens within vectors. However, climate is only one of many factors influencing vector distribution, such as habitat destruction, land use, pesticide application, and host density. Vector-borne diseases are widespread in Europe and are the best studied diseases associated with climate change, which is reflected in this Review.

Lyme disease

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While we are building a new and improved webshop, please click below to purchase this content via our partner CCC and their Rightfind service. You will need to register with a RightFind account to finalise the purchase. EN English Deutsch. Your documents are now available to view. Confirm Cancel. De Gruyter Read out Stop Share.

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. The objective of our study was to estimate the seroprevalence of six pathogens transmitted by ticks in HIV-infected persons and blood donors in Poland B.

Mosquito-borne diseases in Europe: an emerging public health threat

Lyme disease , also known as Lyme borreliosis , is an infectious disease caused by the Borrelia bacterium which is spread by ticks. Lyme disease is transmitted to humans by the bites of infected ticks of the genus Ixodes. Prevention includes efforts to prevent tick bites such as by wearing clothing to cover the arms and legs, and using DEET -based insect repellents.

Javascript is currently disabled in your browser. Several features of this site will not function whilst javascript is disabled. Received 9 June Published 19 February Volume Pages 1— Review by Single anonymous peer review.

CCHF is a tick-borne disease that is predominantly associated with Hyalomma ticks and have a widespread distribution in Africa, Asia and Europe. CCHF usually presents as a subclinical disease, but in some cases, it may present as a hemorrhagic fever with a high mortality rate. This systematic review of the literature was performed to identify the available evidence on the prevalence of CCHF in the European Region of the World Health Organization, based on seroprevalence IgG antibodies.

Key Findings

Несмотря на то что вечер только начинался, было очень жарко, однако Беккер поймал себя на том, что идет через парк стремительным шагом. Голос Стратмора в телефонной трубке звучал еще настойчивее, чем утром. Новые инструкции не оставляли места сомнениям: необходимо во что бы то ни стало найти канадца. Ни перед чем не останавливаться, только бы заполучить кольцо. Беккера очень удивило, что это кольцо с какой-то невразумительной надписью представляет собой такую важность. Однако Стратмор ничего не объяснил, а Беккер не решился спросить.

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 Вы хотите приделать к Цифровой крепости черный ход. Его слова встретило гробовое молчание.


  • Cuniberto B. 22.04.2021 at 07:54

    This review will focus on the most important circulating tick-transmitted pathogens in Europe (Borrelia spp., Anaplasma phagocytophilum.


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