File Name: food composition and nutrition tables souci .zip
It is the best journal to keep up to date with endocrine pathophysiology both in the clinical and in the research field. It publishes the best original articles of large research institutions, as well as prestigious reviews.
The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two receding years. CiteScore measures average citations received per document published.
Read more. SRJ is a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same. SJR uses a similar algorithm as the Google page rank; it provides a quantitative and qualitative measure of the journal's impact.
SNIP measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field. Food composition tables and databases FCTs or FCDBs provide the necessary information to estimate intake of nutrients and other food components.
As a result, biased, non-comparable results are obtained, and healthcare professionals are rarely aware of these limitations. En consecuencia, se obtienen resultados sesgados y no comparables, y pocas veces el profesional sanitario es consciente de estas limitaciones.
Food composition tables FCTs and food composition databases FCDBs provide information on the nutritional composition of foods and are key tools for the clinical practice of healthcare professionals.
These tools are also used in different settings such as research, public health and education, the food industry, and in the development and implementation of government policies Fig. Uses, users and scope of interest of food composition tables and databases. Source: proprietary. In contrast to other European countries, no references to FCTs can be found in Spain before the twentieth century.
This is probably because there has been no organism in charge of generating an official FCT. Table 1 summarizes these studies. The latest edition appeared in Since its publication, this work has been a mandatory reference for pharmacists, physicians, dieticians and students alike.
The work developed by Requejo et al. This approach involves specific analysis of all foods compiled in the database, implying strict control of data sampling, analysis and quality control. However, it is costly and slow.
The food list was expanded in , but does not exceed the figure of one hundred. Food composition tables and databases published to date. Adapted and expanded from Ros et al. All the foods have been documented with the method of analysis of each component, including references and primary data sources. This initiative has also incorporated the LanguaL thesaurus for describing the foods. Due to the lack of an official and unified FCDB generated from the different Spanish FCTs and developed according to European recommendations, there is a need to produce a reference database with data compiled and documented according to European standards.
The indirect method for data compilation was chosen. This means that the food composition values have been obtained from different sources, including scientific publications, the food industry, laboratories and calculated values. Nutritional programs NPs are used by a great variety of users, including professionals and patients. Main Spanish nutritional programs and their corresponding food composition tables and databases.
This program version 2. This program also includes food composition data from the USDA. The scientific bodies offer free online dietetic assessment tools. Its premium version offers virtual consultation with an expert in Endocrinology. The Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health of Rovira i Virgili University URV has developed an interactive website, Ribefood, which allows its users to determine the intake of micronutrients and macronutrients contained in widely consumed foods, and to know whether there is a health risk.
It contains nutritional information on processed products provided by manufacturers, along with other relevant information. Some research groups and pharmaceutical companies also develop open and free access NPs through their websites, or distributed by commercial companies. The validity of the results provided by NPs largely depends on the quality of the food composition data.
Data quality refers to the suitability of the food values. This means that the values should be representative of the composition of the specified foods, and that the foods should be those consumed by the analyzed population. Other NPs are of an open kind, allowing users to enter different modifications in the nutrient database that could affect the reliability of the original database. There are other less obvious aspects that are often overlooked by the healthcare professional when choosing an NP, such as the frequency with which the database is updated; the contents referring to nutrients and components of interest; the inclusion of processed and brand products; the method for converting domestic measurements to standard weights; the procedures used to calculate the nutrient contents of recipes, dishes and menus; the database quality control procedures; the food search strategy; data extraction or nomenclature, etc.
Table 3 shows the main Spanish national and regional dietary and nutritional surveys conducted in the last 25 years. This circumstance introduces significant bias in the comparison of dietary intake results between national studies, and poses an obstacle to the participation of multicenter international evaluations.
Main Spanish dietary and nutritional surveys conducted in the last 25 years, and their corresponding food composition tables and databases. Surveys failing to specify the source used to transform food into energy and nutrients are excluded.
Nutrient composition in food can be affected by a variety of parameters including environmental, genetic and geographical factors, seasonal variations, bioavailability, biodiversity, technological processes within the food chain, storage conditions, enrichment policies, market globalization, the growing availability of processed products, and cooking methods. Many of these factors are difficult to control, such as seasonal variation or biodiversity.
Seasonal variations affect food composition, especially as regards micronutrients and bioactive substances in plant foods. Other factors can be controlled, or at least should be taken into account, such as regional disparities. Each country has specific data regarding food composition needs, since there is a proprietary pattern of intake resulting in country-specific foods, recipes and food brands.
Some users may mistakenly believe that food composition is similar among countries, due to globalization. However, commercial foods sold under the same brand names may have different compositions due to differences in food legislation. Analytical methods can greatly affect nutrient composition. The different analytical methods used for the same component, in addition to natural variation, could be the main reason for the discrepancies found among the national databases.
For example, the values referring to raw fiber versus dietary fiber or cholesterol obtained by spectrometric analysis versus gas-liquid chromatography differ greatly. Differences in food nomenclature and food groups, different forms of food classification and identification, variations in units and forms of expression, the various calculation procedures for missing values, and the lack of a data quality assessment all affect food composition data.
However, most of these factors can be controlled by using standardized procedures. The great majority of Spanish national FCTs have been developed using the indirect method and the combined method, imputing values from foreign tables, and with coexisting analytical data. However, it contains only 68 foods and 25 components.
The table also omits copper, selenium and other minerals, as well as certain vitamins, such as vitamin B5 pantothenic acid , biotin, and vitamin K. The different FCTs pose problems regarding synonyms, homonyms, identical names for different products, and the use of diverse cooking and technological terminology. In sum, Spanish FCTs have significant weaknesses. They include a low number of foods and food components; there is only a small percentage of original analytical values most are adopted and imputed values taken from other national or foreign databases and different literature sources ; there is a lack of traceability for many data information origin and documentation method is not available or is not appropriate ; most of the databases have no clear classification of foods allowing unequivocal identification; and the tables contain few routinely consumed processed foods.
Likewise, it does not include components that play an important role in human health and for which knowledge of the amounts present in commonly consumed foods is important, such as trans fatty acids, added sugars, bioactive compounds, etc. This introduces considerable bias in the estimates of nutrient intake and gives rise to data quality problems.
Many nutrients could not be compared due to missing values. The present study has not analyzed NPs in App format. This network includes public research centers, government and private institutions, and has been created with the support of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation and funded and coordinated by the AESAN, of the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality.
These tools all have significant weaknesses, such as the data compilation method used, the presence of missing values, and the limited number of included foods and dishes. This may be explained by the lack of an official body responsible for generating a reference FCDB. Taking the United States as an example, there the Department of Agriculture has been the body responsible for the creation, maintenance and continuity of the food and nutrient databases at the national level for over years, with an origin that goes back to the first FCT developed by Atwater and Woods in All the food and nutrient information used in the country is derived only from these sources and encompasses the main areas of application: food and health research, the monitoring of dietary intake and the definition of food policies, and dietary practice.
The USDA food and nutrient databases are currently an international reference, as they are the most complete, reliable and up-to-date instruments of their kind. Direct analyses of foods sampled throughout the country are periodically carried out to replace older analytical data with data from the published literature and small research studies, and to include new foods. Following the example of the United States, in Spain we need to create an official body responsible for generating, maintaining and continuing a Spanish national reference FCDB.
This body could be composed of leading scientific bodies in the field of Nutrition and Bromatology, Food Science and Technology, and Medicine. Collaboration on the part of the food industry is undoubtedly necessary to contribute analytical data on the composition of processed products. Only in this way can a reference FCDB be guaranteed, with reliable, accurate and usable data for all sectors of society. It is essential to have a consistent, reliable, complete and up-to-date database capable of becoming the Spanish national reference FCDB for the conduction of dietary surveys and epidemiological studies.
Such a FCDB in turn would serve for the design of NPs based on reliable and quality data, allowing healthcare professionals to analyze the dietary intakes of their patients particularly those with special needs , and to establish more adequate nutritional recommendations. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr. Spanish food composition tables and databases: Need for a gold standard for heal ISSN: Previous article Next article.
Issue 6. Pages June - July Spanish food composition tables and databases: Need for a gold standard for healthcare professionals review. Download PDF. Corresponding author. This item has received. Article information. Table 1. Food composition tables and databases published to date.. Table 2.
Although the analyses are performed with great precision, they are, of necessity, only performed on a few samples of each type of food. Title: Slide 1 Author: fekadub The online food composition data are updated and amended continuously. Food Composition Table for Use in Africa. The different uses of food composition databases The table opposite outlines the different uses of food composition databases and tables, within each of the main sectors of use see table 1. The food composition table have been prepared as a part of food basket survey in the Czech Re-public. FoodData Central: Can be used by, and has benefits for, a variety of users, including researchers, policy makers, academicians and educators, nutrition and health professionals, product developers, and others.
Home Events Register Now About. Data on the nutritive value of foods were first compiled and evaluated in the Department by W. Atwater in the 's. Food Composition Databases. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. This nutrition pioneer organized and became the first Featuring the most recent food composition database, food quantities database and an improved recipe calculation methodology.
The documentation includes the average values and variations of the nutrient concentrations, as well as energy- and waste values of the specific food items. The.
Fachmann and H. Kraut has been published since as a regular printedversion via a scientic publisher. Analogous to the development of this media,an electronic version of the database, corresponding to the fth edition of the table,was available for the rst time in The documentation includes the average values and variationsof the nutrient concentrations, as well as energy- and waste values of the specic fooditems. The concept of the database enables the user to search for specic food items,dened constituent concentrations and energy values, as well as to export data tablesof single food items.
It is the best journal to keep up to date with endocrine pathophysiology both in the clinical and in the research field. It publishes the best original articles of large research institutions, as well as prestigious reviews. The Impact Factor measures the average number of citations received in a particular year by papers published in the journal during the two receding years.
Home Events Register Now About. And Others Don't. Food Security And Nutrition In The Philippines 7 proportion of various types data in food composition tables pdf food composition tables in southeast asia the contribution ifnri website nutritional adequacy of the daily stuff at university canteens. Every new print version contains the updated and amended table data. The different uses of food composition databases The table opposite outlines the different uses of food composition databases and tables, within each of the main sectors of use see table 1.
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