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Mahabharata and Ramayana are sagas which have an incredible pertinence even in the present setting. The shrouded messages have a profound information that has the ability to stir and change.
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Appearing in its present form about ce , the Mahabharata consists of a mass of mythological and didactic material arranged around a central heroic narrative that tells of the struggle for sovereignty between two groups of cousins, the Kauravas sons of Dhritarashtra, the descendant of Kuru and the Pandavas sons of Pandu. Although it is unlikely that any single person wrote the poem, its authorship is traditionally ascribed to the sage Vyasa , who appears in the work as the grandfather of the Kauravas and the Pandavas.
The date and even the historical occurrence of the war that is the central event of the Mahabharata are much debated. The enmity and jealousy that develops between the cousins forces the Pandavas to leave the kingdom when their father dies. During their exile the five jointly marry Draupadi who is born out of a sacrificial fire and whom Arjuna wins by shooting an arrow through a row of targets and meet their cousin Krishna , who remains their friend and companion thereafter.
Although the Pandavas return to the kingdom, they are again exiled to the forest, this time for 12 years, when Yudhishthira loses everything in a game of dice with Duryodhana, the eldest of the Kauravas.
The feud culminates in a series of great battles on the field of Kurukshetra north of Delhi, in Haryana state. All the Kauravas are annihilated , and, on the victorious side, only the five Pandava brothers and Krishna survive.
One by one they fall on the way, and Yudhisthira alone reaches the gate of heaven. After further tests of his faithfulness and constancy, he is finally reunited with his brothers and Draupadi, as well as with his enemies, the Kauravas, to enjoy perpetual bliss.
The central plot constitutes little more than one fifth of the total work. The remainder of the poem addresses a wide range of myths and legends , including the romance of Damayanti and her husband Nala who gambles away his kingdom just as Yudhishthira gambles away his and the legend of Savitri , whose devotion to her dead husband persuades Yama , the god of death, to restore him to life.
The poem also contains descriptions of places of pilgrimages. Along with its basic plot and accounts of numerous myths , the Mahabharata reveals the evolution of Hinduism and its relations with other religions during its composition. The period during which the epic took shape was one of transition from Vedic sacrifice to sectarian Hinduism, as well as a time of interaction—sometimes friendly, sometimes hostile—with Buddhism and Jainism.
Different sections of the poem express varying beliefs, often in creative tension. Some sections—such as the Narayaniya a part of book 13 , the Bhagavadgita book 6 , the Anugita book 14 , and the Harivamsha —are important sources of early Vaishnava theology, in which Krishna is an avatar of the god Vishnu. Above all, the Mahabharata is an exposition of dharma codes of conduct , including the proper conduct of a king, of a warrior, of an individual living in times of calamity , and of a person seeking to attain moksha freedom from samsara , or rebirth.
The Mahabharata story has been retold in written and oral Sanskrit and vernacular versions throughout South and Southeast Asia. Its various incidents have been portrayed in stone, notably in sculptured reliefs at Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom in Cambodia, and in Indian miniature paintings.
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Appearing in its present form about ce , the Mahabharata consists of a mass of mythological and didactic material arranged around a central heroic narrative that tells of the struggle for sovereignty between two groups of cousins, the Kauravas sons of Dhritarashtra, the descendant of Kuru and the Pandavas sons of Pandu. Although it is unlikely that any single person wrote the poem, its authorship is traditionally ascribed to the sage Vyasa , who appears in the work as the grandfather of the Kauravas and the Pandavas. The date and even the historical occurrence of the war that is the central event of the Mahabharata are much debated. The enmity and jealousy that develops between the cousins forces the Pandavas to leave the kingdom when their father dies. During their exile the five jointly marry Draupadi who is born out of a sacrificial fire and whom Arjuna wins by shooting an arrow through a row of targets and meet their cousin Krishna , who remains their friend and companion thereafter.
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Read more. It's based on a real war that took place in the 13th or 14th century B. English best Novel, Stories and Books available for free download.
The Yaksha Prashna , also known as the Dharma Baka Upakhyana or the Akshardhama, is the story of a question-and-answer dialogue between Yudhishthira and a yaksha in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. It appears in the Vana Parva , and the story is set as the Pandavas end their twelve years of exile in the forest. At the end of their 12 years of exile in the forests, the time had come for the pandavas to live incognito in Agyat Vasa. As they were discussing their course of action the princes met a Brahmin who complained that a deer has taken on its antlers his arani — a pair of wooden blocks used to start fire by friction— so he couldn't light the fire for Vedic rituals. So, the pandavas set out to retrieve the Brahmin's arani and followed the hoofprints of the deer.
As mentioned above, CBSE Class 7 Hindi Mahabharat is the story of the fight between good and evil, in the form of the battle between Kauravas and Pandavas with Kauravas depicting the evil side and Pandavas depicting the good side. Due to the question of heredity and ownership of the throne of Hastinapur, this battle takes place.
stpetersnt.org: Mahabharata Questions and Answers PDF in Hindi downloaded for SSC CGL, SSC CHSL and other competitive exam.Reply