alvin plantinga reason and belief in god pdf

Alvin plantinga reason and belief in god pdf

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Reason and Belief in God

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2. The Rejection of Enlightenment Evidentialism

Reason and Belief in God

Alvin Carl Plantinga [a] born is an American analytic philosopher who works primarily in the fields of philosophy of religion , epistemology particularly on issues involving epistemic justification , and logic. From to , Plantinga taught at Calvin University before accepting an appointment as the John A. A prominent Christian philosopher, Plantinga served as president of the Society of Christian Philosophers from to He has delivered the Gifford Lectures two times and was described by Time magazine as "America's leading orthodox Protestant philosopher of God". Some of Plantinga's most influential works include God and Other Minds , The Nature of Necessity , and a trilogy of books on epistemology, culminating in Warranted Christian Belief that was simplified in Knowledge and Christian Belief Plantinga — and Lettie G. Bossenbroek —

Contemporary epistemology of religion may conveniently be treated as a debate over whether evidentialism applies to religious beliefs, or whether we should instead adopt a more permissive epistemology. Then, assuming for simplicity that the records are reliable, the forecaster is justified in believing with less than full confidence that this Winter, which is wetter than average, will be followed by a hotter than average Summer. Again, consider someone who has a hunch that this Summer will be hotter than average but cannot justify that hunch further. Hunches are not considered evidence, so the belief is not considered justified. If, however, the huncher can cite a good track record of hunches about the weather that have turned out correct then the belief would be considered justified. For although hunches are not considered evidence, memories about past hunches are, as are the observations that corroborated the past hunches. Evidentialism implies that full religious belief is justified only if there is conclusive evidence for it.

What is faith? This entry focusses on the nature of faith, although issues about the justifiability of faith are also implicated. This entry is specifically concerned, however, with the notion of religious faith—or, rather and this qualification is important , the kind of faith exemplified in religious faith. Philosophical accounts are almost exclusively about theistic religious faith—faith in God—and they generally, though not exclusively, deal with faith as understood within the Christian branch of the Abrahamic traditions. But, although the theistic religious context settles what kind of faith is of interest, the question arises whether faith of that same general kind also belongs to other, non-theistic, religious contexts, or to contexts not usually thought of as religious at all. The present discussion focuses on theistic religious faith as a paradigm of the kind of faith that is of interest, though the question of faith outside this context is taken up in the final Section Philosophical reflection on theistic religious faith has produced different accounts or models of its nature.

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Faith and Rationality investigates the rich implications of what the authors call "Calvinistic" or "Reformed epistemology. Alvin Plantinga is John A. Skip to content. These particular essays take a problematic approach in their criticism of contemporary analysic objections of theistic belief, and in the process make a contribution to general epistemology. It is worthy of study by everyone concerned with the epistemology of religion. They explicate what it means to be rational in general and to hold a rational belief in particular.

In contrast to the more rationalistic tradition of natural theology, with its arguments for the existence of God, fideism holds—or at any rate appears to hold more on this caveat shortly —that reason is unnecessary and inappropriate for the exercise and justification of religious belief. The term itself derives from fides , the Latin word for faith , and can be rendered literally as faith-ism. Notice, first, that what the fideist seeks, according to this account, is truth. Fideism claims that truths of a certain kind can be grasped only by foregoing rational inquiry and relying solely on faith. Insofar as fideism insists that knowledge of these truths is possible, it must be distinguished from various forms of skepticism with which it otherwise shares certain common features.

Sign in Create an account. Syntax Advanced Search. Reason and Belief in God. Alvin Plantinga. University of Notre Dame Press. Alvin Plantinga University of Notre Dame.


Reason and Belief in God. Alvin Plantinga. Belief in God is the heart and center of the Christian religion —as it is of Judaism and Islam. Of course Christians may​.


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Belief in God, or some form of transcendent Real, has been assumed in virtually every culture throughout human history. The issue of the reasonableness or rationality of belief in God or particular beliefs about God typically arises when a religion is confronted with religious competitors or the rise of atheism or agnosticism. Is belief in God rational? Theistic evidentialists contend that there is enough evidence to ground rational belief in God, while Reformed epistemologists contend that evidence is not necessary to ground rational belief in God but that belief in God is grounded in various characteristic religious experiences.

Philosophy and the Grammar of Religious Belief pp Cite as. In modem times, Enlightenment criteria of rationality required that philosophically respectable religious beliefs be based on valid arguments from premises acceptable to any rational person. Heroic efforts failed to produce such arguments, and by the middle of the twentieth century philosophical discussions of religion by then professionalised into the subdiscipline of philosophy of religion put those who took both their religion and their philosophy seriously almost entirely on the defensive. Philosophy of religion, at least in the analytic mainstream of professional philosophy, was dominated by sceptical challenges to the rationality or even the very meaningfulness of religious belief.

Adherence to a religion, and participation therein, typically incorporate such actions as worship, prayer, meditation, self-discipline, commemorating certain persons and events, treating certain writings as canonical, allowing one's beliefs and actions to be formed by one's own and others' interpretation of those writings, acting in certain characteristic ways in society, and associating with one's fellow adherents for all the above activities. Typically they also incorporate a variety of propositional attitudes: hoping that certain events will take place, trusting that certain events will take place, regretting that certain events did take place, believing that certain things are true about God, about the cosmos, about the natural world, about human beings—their misery and glory, their history, their institutions. Keywords: religious epistemology , meditation , self-discipline , cosmos , natural world , form of life.

2. The Rejection of Enlightenment Evidentialism

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