File Name: blood and soil ben kiernan .zip
Declaration of interest: Raphael Lemkin, who coined the term genocide , hired me as a teenager to write a chapter for his projected encyclopedia of genocide. Kiernan, an expert on the mass murders in Cambodia, covers much of the territory, from ancient Greece and Rome to modern Iraq, describing in sober prose the efforts of human beings to exterminate their fellows.
Conflict can turn into genocide but not all conflicts have a genocidal outcome. At the theoretical level, Kiernan identifies four necessary ingredients in the making of a genocidal situation: the existence of political regimes that embrace cults of antiquity, an existing ethnic enmity, the presence of expansionist polities, and the pervasive influence of agrarian ideologies. Blend these four ingredients together in different configurations and you are likely to encounter an explosive circumstance. Not only does 'Blood and Soil' identify the ingredients; it also recognises the crucial processes that underpin their combination into an explosive mixture. Genocidal phenomena, Kiernan argues insightfully, are actually inherently contradictory occurrences where an anxious perception of a specific trend, or a series of developments, produces sustained counterpoint imaginings.
Those who appreciate well-written sourcebooks containing narratives of vicious violence unencumbered by analysis will applaud the one-stop emporium of cases that the book provides. Kiernan musters his many cases in support of the claim that four themes recur in mass killing across human history: cults of antiquity, fetishes in favor of agriculture therefore in opposition to nonagriculturalists , ethnic enmity which the book expands to include racial and religious hostility , and territorial expansion by the perpetrators. This is universalizing history. Kiernan presents his cases under three main headings. He leaves the logical status of the four themes unclear. Are they necessary conditions for mass killing, jointly sufficient conditions for mass killing, separate elements that independently increase the probability of mass killing, or simply characteristics that frequently accompany mass killing?
Donald W. Ben Kiernan is well known to genocide scholars for his extensive work on the genocide under the Khmer Rouge in s Cambodia. Over more than three decades Kiernan has written voluminous, insightful, and at times controversial studies on the Cambodian genocide. In the present volume, the director of Yale University's Genocide Studies Program has produced a history of genocide and mass murder that is both encyclopedic and analytic. In some six hundred pages the reader encounters dozens of cases of genocide and mass killing on every inhabited continent and over the course of twenty-five hundred years, including contemporary cases such as atrocities in the Darfur region of Sudan and the activities of Al-Qaeda.
Common Knowledge 1 August ; 15 3 : Sign In or Create an Account. Advanced Search. User Tools. Sign In.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Kiernan Published Geography, History.
This grim account of history notes remarkable parallels in the patterns of mass slaughter, from Carthage to Darfur. With references to the genocides sanctioned by the Bible, it's ghastly reading. Yet you also can't help feeling a measure of progress over the centuries. Today, we're still far too passive about stopping genocide, but even those leaders who engage in it tend to be embarrassed, rather than boastful.
In Blood and Soil Kiernan examines outbreaks of mass violence, including worldwide colonial exterminations and twentieth-century case studies, particularly the Armenian genocide , the Nazi Holocaust , Stalin's mass murders , and the Cambodian and Rwandan genocides.
Ben Kiernan. New Haven: Yale University Press, Reviewed by John M. With this monumental book, Ben F.
Слова приятеля его очень удивили. Дело в том, что АНБ не только существовало, но и считалось одной из самых влиятельных правительственных организаций в США и во всем мире. Уже больше полувека оно занималось тем, что собирало электронные разведданные по всему миру и защищало американскую секретную информацию.
Выходит, Стратмор был зрителем теннисного матча, следящим за мячом лишь на одной половине корта.