reproductive and child health programme in india pdf

Reproductive and child health programme in india pdf

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Published: 20.04.2021

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Child Health Policies in India: Moving from a Discernible Past to a Promising Future

Medical infrastructure, human resources, drugs, and equipment have all been diverted towards addressing the COVID crisis. In India too, the situation is becoming increasingly acute. India bears one-sixth of the global under-5 mortality burden with an estimated thousand under-5 deaths in

By identifying the root causes of healthcare challenges, CARE India works at the individual, community and systemic levels to develop innovative solutions and help implement quality healthcare services. To increase the uptake of services, besides the supply-side interventions, many projects work with communities and groups of mothers to break social barriers by engaging men and other key decision makers in rural households. The aim of the health interventions is to strengthen and promote comprehensive health for women and girls, and create a positive and enabling environment for accessing quality healthcare services. Reena Devi, a resident of Naxalite affected Panapur block, Bihar, gave birth to a premature baby girl. At birth, the baby was severely malnourished, weighing only grams.

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The reasons for not reaching the goals set for Population Control were analyzed. Subsequent sample studies indicated that there are some areas where the earlier programme has not reached.

Therefore, the entire strategy was changed and the following issues were given priority. Maharashtra State has started implementing the programme since Definition of Reproductive Health and Child Health. The scheme is implemented to encourage institutional deliveries in order to reduce maternal and infant mortality.

There is good response and increase in the number of institutional deliveries is observed. The Medical Officers, Nurse and Attendant are given incentive under this scheme. Supply of essential equipments in the Delivery Room. Ambulance facility to transport low birth weight babies and supply of instruments for ICU. The targets are allotted to the institution for sterilization performance. The performance is monitored and the work of the Centre is evaluated.

There good response increase number observed. Medical Officers, Nurse Attendant given incentive under this scheme. The schemes implemented are - Matrutwa Anudan Yojana: The schemes are implemented through out the year. The beneficiary is pregnant mother. The objective is to support the diet and encouraging the beneficiary to accept safe motherhood concept.

Definition of Reproductive Health and Child Health People have the ability to reproduce and regulate their fertility. Women are able to go through pregnancy and child birth safely. The outcome of pregnancy is successful in terms of maternal and infant well being. Couples are able to have sexual relations free of fear of unwanted pregnancy and of contracting sexually transmitted diseases.

After forty care. Following Goals have been set to be achieved by the Year

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The reasons for not reaching the goals set for Population Control were analyzed. Subsequent sample studies indicated that there are some areas where the earlier programme has not reached. Therefore, the entire strategy was changed and the following issues were given priority. Maharashtra State has started implementing the programme since Definition of Reproductive Health and Child Health. The scheme is implemented to encourage institutional deliveries in order to reduce maternal and infant mortality. There is good response and increase in the number of institutional deliveries is observed.

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Metrics details. In , in response to a request from the Government of India, the World Health Organisation undertook a rapid programme review of ARSH and RKSK at the national level and in four states Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand to identify and document lessons learnt in relation to four domains of the programmes governance, implementation, monitoring and linkages that could be used to enhance current and future adolescent health programming in India. A rapid programme review methodology was utilised to gain an overview of the successes and challenges of the two adolescent health programmes. It is also used for monitoring of physical and financial progress made against the approved activities and budget. Data showed that the ARSH Strategy put adolescent health on the agenda for the first time in India, though insufficient human and financial resources were mobilised to ensure maximum impact. Under RKSK, significant investment has been made in adequate management structures, as well as in community engagement and clinical service delivery at all levels of the health system.

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Children up to 14 y of age comprise almost one-third Protecting the health of this largest demographic group requires sound policies and programmes as these children are the future work force and intellectual powerhouse of our country. They will be the flagbearers of sustainable development in India. India has traversed an eventful journey of evolution and implementation of child health care policies and programmes since independence. The vision and focus of these programmes has changed over the years, as understanding of child health grew.

Analysis reveals that the state-level effects of various RCH services are significantly higher than those at the district level. The pace of annual progress after in many RCH indicators is slower than before and a few indicators e g, child-immunisation have worsened, despite the expenditure on the programme being doubled. A major change in the political scenario of the country was introduced in with the passing of the 72nd and 73rd constitutional amendments and the enactments of Panchayati Raj and Nagar Palika Acts, setting in motion the process of democratic decentralisation. Constitutionally, all powers, responsibilities and resources are to be shared by these three tiers of elected bodies. Primary healthcare including family planning, primary education and provision of certain basic amenities to people such as drinking water and roads became the responsibility of the panchayats.

Child Health Policies in India: Moving from a Discernible Past to a Promising Future

India has demonstrated its commitment to improving the sexual and reproductive health of its population. Its policy and program environment has shifted from a narrow focus on family planning to a broader orientation that stresses sexual and reproductive health and the exercise of rights. Significant strides have been made. The total fertility rate is 2. The age structure places the country in the advantageous position of being able to reap the demographic dividend. Maternal, neonatal, and perinatal mortality have declined, child marriage has declined steeply, contraceptive use and skilled attendance at delivery have increased, and HIV prevalence estimates suggest that the situation is not as dire as assumed earlier.

This programme aimed at achieving a status in which women will be able to regulate their fertility, women will be able to go through their pregnancy and child birth safely, the outcome of pregnancies will be successful and will lead to survival and well being of the mother and the child. The couples will also be able to have their sexual relation free from fear of pregnancy and of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Within the overall umbrella of reducing infant, child and maternal mortality. The second phase of RCH program i. Priority interventions for each thematic area have been included in this to ensure that the linkages between them are contextualized to the same and consecutive life stage.

Child Health Policies in India: Moving from a Discernible Past to a Promising Future

References

 Слушай, я хотел спросить, - заговорил.  - Что ты думаешь об этом не поддающемся взлому алгоритме, который, по словам Танкадо, он хотел создать. У Сьюзан свело желудок. Она подняла голову. - Не поддающийся взлому алгоритм? - Она выдержала паузу.  - Ах да… Я, кажется, что-то такое читала. - Не очень правдоподобное заявление.

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